Teixeira de Pascoaes (Portugal) 1877-1952
Teixeira de Pascoaes (Portugal)
Born Joaquim Pereira Teixeira de
Vasconcelos in Amarante, Portugal on November 2, 1877, the poet who later used
the name Teixeira de Pascoaes, grew up in the family villa in Serra do Marão,
where farmed and wrote poetry.
As a young man he graduated from law
school in 1901, but practiced law for only 10 years. Beginning in in 1895 he
published poetry, in Embiões,
followed by two the two-volume collection Belo
in 1896 and 1897.
With António Sérgio and Raul Procença he
became one of the leaders of the poetry movement Renascença Portuguesa, which he helped to found in 1910. With
Leonardo Coimbra and Jaime Cortesão, Teixeira de Pascoaes founded the magazine A Águia, devoted to that movement.
Over the next several decades, the poet
continued to exert an enormous influence over Portuguese poetry as he honed, in
particular, the poetic form of the saudade, a word that suggests a sadness for
the abscence of those one loves. Indeed his aesthetics ultimately came to be at
the heart of the Saudosismo movement which led, in part, to what is generally
termed as the Portuguese Renaissance.
A highly religious man, Teixeira de
Pascoaes also wrote, with novelist Raul Brandão a play about Christ, along with
fictional biographies of St. Paul, St. Augustine, and St. Jerome. He also wrote
more standard biographies of Camilo Castelo Branco and Napoleon. In 1915 he
penned his popular boook, The Art of
The poet died in 1952.
BOOKS OF POETRY
Embriões (1895); Belo 1 (1896); Belo II (1897); À minha alma (1898); Sempre (1909,
1902); Terra Proibida (1899); À fortune (1901); Jesús e pan (1903); Vida Etérea
(1906); As Sombras (1907); Senhora da noite (1909); Marânus (1911); Regresso ao Paraíso (1912);
Elegias (1912); Cantos idecisos (1921); À
elegy do amor (1924); About pobre ter
(1924); D. Carlos (1925); Cânticos (1925); Versos pobres (1949); Últimos
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