September 15, 2014
Alfred Jarry (France)
Born on September 8, 1873 in Laval, Mayenne,France, Alfred Jarry was of Breton descent on his mother’s side of the family.
Jarry received his baccalaureate and moved to Paris to prepare for admission to the École Normale Supérieure. He was not admitted, but he quickly gained attention for his original poems and prose poetry works, a collection of which, Le minutes de sable mémorial, was published in 1893. That same year his parents died, leaving him a small inheritance which he quickly squandered.
Rumor had it that Gémier had modeled the character on Jarry’s own staccato, nasal vocal delivery, and had based several of his histrionic stances on Jarry’s own well-known behavior.
During the following years, Jarry co-founded with Franc-Hohain and Claude Terrasse, the Théatre des Pantins, which performed marionette productions of Ubu Roi.
Mallarme, combined strains of wild fantasy with perverse eroticism