August 30, 2014

Table of Contents and other potential poets



We have apparently lost our complete listing of poets and poetic subjects. Below I relist my ongoing
listing of poets on which I've written and others I am still proposing. Gradually, I will relink these offerings. But if you can help by offering new entries on any poet or subject listed below, I appreciate your help. Also, I appreciate any updating of current sites, new books, further information, anything you might have to offer. I cannot complete this vast project without the help of the entire poetic community.

All underlined poets and subjects have entries on our site. Others need to me be entered. Please note our standard formats and projects when offering new entries.

Poets are listed by birthdate.



The PIP Anthology of World Poetry of the Twentieth and Twenty-first Century



INDIVIDUAL POETS

Théophile Gautier (France) [1811-1872]
Charles-René-Marie Lecomte de Lisle (France) [1818-1891]
Theodore de Banville (France) [1823-1891]
René François Armand Sully-Proudhomme (France) [1839-1907]
François Coppée (France) [1842-1908]
José María de Herdia (France) [1842-1905]
Paul Verlaine (France) [1844-1896]
Germain Nouveau (France) [1852-1920]
Innokenty Annensky (Russia) [1856-1904]
Francis Jammes (France) [1862-1938]
C. P. Cavafy (Greece) [1863-1933]
August Stramm (Germany) [1864-1915]
W. B. Yeats (Ireland) [1865-1939]
Konstantin Balmont (Russia/France) [1867-1942]
Obe Postma (Netherlands/writes in Frisian) [1868-1963]
Zinaida Gripius (Russia/France) [1869-1945]
Ivan Bunin (Russia/France) [1870-1953]
Amado Nervo (Mexico) [1870-1919]
Stephen Crane (USA) [1871-1900]
Enrique González Martínez (Mexico) [1871-1952]
James Weldon Johnson (USA) [1871-1938]
   Preface “The Book of American Negro Poetry” by James Weldon Johnson
Christian Morgenstern (Germany) [1871-1914]
Tsuchii (Doi) Bansui (Japan) [1871-1952]
Shimazaki Toson (Japan) [1872-1943]
Alfred Jarry (France) [1873-1907]
Charles Péguy (France) [1873-1914]
Paolo Buzzi (Italy) [1874-1956]
José María Eguren (Peru) [1874-1942]
   Book Subjoyride [PDF file]
    Essay “On Imagism” by Amy Lowell
Leopoldo Lugones (Argentina) [1874-1938]
   Book Tender Buttons [PDF file]
   Book Stanzas in Meditation [PDF file]  
Johannes Baader (Germany) [1875-1955]
José Santos Chocano (Peru) [1875-1934]
Julio Herrera y Reissig (Uruguay) [1875-1910]
Mikhail Kuzmin (Russia/USSR) [1875-1936]
Noguchi Yonejirō (Yone) (Japan/USA) [1875-1947]
*Rainer Maria Rilke (Germany) [1875-1926]
Valentine de Saint-Point (France) [1875-1953]
Theodor Däubler (b. Trieste/Germany) [1876-1934]
Léon-Paul Fargue (France) [1876-1947]
Ferdinand Hardekopf (Germany) [1876-1954]
Max Jacob (France) [1876-1944]
F. T. Marinetti (Italy) [1876-1944]
     Essay “Dramatic Disproportionment” (on Marinetti’s Critical Writings)
        by Douglas Messerli      
Anna de Noailles (France) [1876-1933]
O. V. de L. Milosz (b. Lithuania/France) [1877-1939]
Endre Ady (Hungary) [1877-1919]
Marsden Hartley (USA) [1877-1943]
Teixeira de Pascoaes (Portugal) [1877-1952]
Maksimilian Voloshin [Maksimilian Kirilenko-Voloshin] (Russia/USSR)
    [1877-1932]
Walter Conrad Arensberg (USA) [1878-1954]
Eino Leino (Finland) [1878-1926]
Joan Pérez-Jorba (France) [1878-1928]
Carl Sandburg (USA) [1878-1967]
Yosano Akiko (Japan) [1878-1942]
Karel van de Woestijne (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1878-1929]
Charlotte Gardelle (Romania) [1879]
Han Yong’un (Korea) [1879-1944]
Paul Klee (Switzerland) [1879-1940]
Francis Picabia (France) [1879-1953]
Tudor Arghezi [Ion N. Theodorescu] (Romania) [1880-1967]
Guillaume Apollinaire (France) [1880-1918]
Andrei Bely (Russia/USSR) [1880-1934]
Alexander Blok (Russia/USSR) [1880-1921]
Otto Flake (Alsace) [1880-1963]
George Bacovia [George Vasiliu] (Romania) [1881-1957]
Henri-Martin Barzun (France) [1881-1973]
Juan Ramón Jiménez (Spain) [1881-1958]
Valery Larbaud (France) [1881-1957]
Pablo Picasso (Spain) [1881-1973]
Lü Hsün (China) [1881-1936]
André Salmon (France) [1881-1969]
David Burlyuk (Russia/USA) [1882-1967]
Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman (Netherlands) [1882-1945]
Mihály Babits (Hungary) [1883-1941]
Porfiro Barba Jacob (Columbia) [1883-1942]
Theo van Doesburg (Holland) [1883-1931]
Nikos Kazantzakis (Greece) [1883-1957]
Alfred Kreymborg (USA) [1883-1966]
Totò Merúmení (Italy) [1883-1916]
Marie Noël [Marie-Mélanie Rouget] (France) [1883-1967]
Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher] (Germany) [1883-1934]
Platon Rodhokanakis (Greece) [1883-1919]
Ernst Stadler (Germany/Alsace) [1883-1914]
*Takamura Kōtarō (Japan) [1883-1956]
William Carlos Williams (USA) [1883-1963]
     Essay “A World Detached”  by Douglas Messerli
Yamada Jyosha (Japan/USA) [1883-1969]
Avraham Ben Yitzhak [Avraham Sonne] (b. Galicia [now Poland]/Israel) [1883-1950]
Juana de Ibarbourou (Uruguay) [1884-1979]
Oskar Loerke (Germany) [1884-1941]
Tomás Morales Castellano (Canary Islands) [1994-1921]
Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes (France) [1884-1974]
Angelos Sikelianos (Greece) [1884-1951]
Kostas Varnalis (Greece) [1884-1974]
Pierre Albert-Birot (France) [1885-1967]
Dino Campana (Italy) [1885-1932]
Emmy Hennings (Germany) [1885-1948]
Marie Laurencin (France) [1885-1956]
   Newspaper article “D. H. Lawrence’s Poetry Saved from Censor’s Pen” by Dalya
   Alberge
Kinoshita Mokutaro (Japan) 1885-1945]
Clément Pansaers (Belgium) [1885-1922]
Mushanokoji Saneatsu (Japan) [1885-1976]
Aldo Palazzeschi (Italy) [1885-1974]
Sophia Parnok (Russia) [1885-1933]
   Essay “Vorticist Lewis/Vorticist Pound” by Douglas Messerli
Edgar Varèse (France) [1885-1965]
Delmira Agustini (Uruguay) [1886-1914]
Enriqueta Arvelo Larriva (Venezuela) [1886-1962]
Hugo Ball (Germany) [1886-1927]
Manuel Bandeira (Brazil) [1886-1968]
Gottfried Benn (Germany) [1886-1956]
Francis Carco (New Caledonia/France) [1886-1958]
H. D. [Hilda Doolittle] (USA) [1886-1961]
Albert Ehrenstein (Austria) [1886-1950]
*Hagiwara Sakutarō (Japan) [1886-1942]
Raoul Hausmann (Germany) [1886-1971]
Max Herrmann-Neisse (Germany) [1886-1941]
Ishikawa Takuboku (Japan) [1886-1912]
Vladislav Khodasevich (Russia/France) [1886-1939]
*Alexei Kruchenykh (Russia/USSR) [1886-1968]
Moyse Legh-Halpern (Russia) [1886-1933]
Wyndham Lewis (England) [1886-1957]
    Essay “Vorticist Lewis/Vorticist Pound,” by Douglas Messerli
Alonso Quesada (Canary Islands) [1886-1925]
Igor Severyamin (USSR/Estonia) [1887-1941]
Georg Trakl (Germany) [1886-1914]
Hans Arp (Germany) [1887-1966]
Gunnar Björling (Finland/writes in Swedish) [1887-1960]
Blaise Cendrars (Switzerland) [1887-1961]
Marcel Duchamp (France) [1887-1968]
Joaquín Edwards Bello (Chile) [1887-1968]
Albert-Paris Gütersloh [Albert Conrad Kiehtreiber] (Austria) [1887-1973]
Georg Heym (Germany) [1887-1912]
Jakob van Hoddis [Hans Davidsohn] (Germany) [1887-1942]
Pierre Jean Jouve (France) [1887-1976]
Josep Maria Junoy (Spain) [1887-1955]
Frigyes Karinthy (Hungary) [1887-1938]
Lajos Kassák (Hungary) [1887-1967]
René Maran (French Guiana) [1887-1960]
Marianne Moore (USA) [1887-1972]
Nakao Yajin (Japan/USA) [1887-?]
Saint-John Perse (b. Guadeloupe/France) [1887-1975]
Kurt Schwitters (Germany) [1887-1948]
Xul Solar [Oscar Augustín Alejandro Schulz Solari] (Argentina) [1887-1963]
Irving Berlin [Israel Isidor Baline] [(b. Russia/USA) [1888-1989]
Til Brugman (Netherlands) [1888-1958]
Francesco Cangiullo (Italy) [1888-1977]
Paul Dermée (Belgium) [1888-1957]
Wilhelm Ekelund (Sweden) [1888-1965]
Milán Füst (Hungary) [1888-1967]
Natalya Krandievskaya (Russia/USSR) [1888-1963]
Napoleon Lapathiotis (Greece) [1888-1944]
Paul Morand (France) [1888-1976]
Senke Motomaro (Japan) [1888-1948]
Okamoto Shiho (Japan/USA) [1888-1967]
Ramón López Velarde (Mexico) [1888-1921]
Fernando Pessoa (Portugal) [1888-1935]
John Crowe Ransom (USA) [1888-1974]
Camillo Sbarbaro (Italy) [1888-1967]
Giuseppe Ungaretti (Italy) [1888-1970]
Anna Akhmatova (Russia) [1889-1966]
Jean Cocteau (France) [1889-1963]
Suzanne Duchamp (France) [1889-1963]
Alfred Lichtenstein (Germany) [1889-1914]
Gabriela Mistral (Chile) [1889-1957]
Muro Saisei (Japan) [1889-1962]
Walter Seener (Austria) [1889-c.1942]
Pierre Reverdy (France) [1889-1960]
Alfonso Reyes (Mexico) [1889-1959]
   Essay “Cannibal Manifesto” by Oswald de Andrade
Klabund [Alfred Henschke] (Germany) [1890-1928]
Rafael Lasso del la Vega (Spain) [1890-1959]
Kostas Ouranis (Greece) [1890-1953]
Boris Pasternak (Russia/USSR) [1890-1960]
Man Ray (Emmanuel Radnitzky) (USA/lived France) [1890-1976
    Selection of poems from Adonism of 1914
Mário de Sá-Carneiro (Portugal) [1890-1916]
Franz Werfel (b. Czechoslavakia/Austria) [1890-1945]
Max Ernst (Germany) [1891-1976]
Yvan Goll (Germany) [1891-1950]
Pär Lagerkvist (Sweden) [1891-1974]
Cole Porter (USA) [1891-1964]
     Essay “Pure Poetry” (on the lyrics of Porter’s Anything Goes) by Douglas Messerli
*Nelly Sachs (Germany) [1891-1970]
Pedro Salinas (Spain) [1891-1951]
Agustin Ujević (Serbia) [1891-1955]
Johannes Theodor Baargeld (Germany) [1892-1927]
    Book The Book of Repulsive Women [PDF file/freee]
    Essay “Sleeping with the Dogs,” by Douglas Messerli
Fortunato Depero (Italy) [1892-1960]
Horiguchi Daigaku (Japan) [1892]
Richard Huelsenbeck (Germany) [1892-1974]
Léon Laleau (Haiti) [1892]
Mo-jo Kuo (China) [1892-1978)
Hugh MacDiarmid (Scotland) [1892-1978]
Sato Haruo (Japan) [1892-1964]
Yannis Skarimbas (Greece) [1892-1984]
Tsunekawa Takako (Japan/USA) [1982-?]
César Vallejo (Peru) [1892-1938]
Mário de Andrade (Brazil) [1893-1945]
Pierre Drieu La Rochelle (France) [1893-1945]
J. V. Foix (Spain/writes in Catalan) [1893-1987]
Jorge Guillén (Spain) [1893-1984]
Miroslav Krleža (Croatia) [1893-1981]
Aaro Hellaakoski (Finland) [1893-1952]
Vicente Huidobro (Chile) [1893-1948]
Jorge de Lima (Brazil) [1893-1953]
Vladimir Mayakovsky (Russia) [1893-1930]
Herbert Read (England) [1893-1968]
Josef Tress (Germany) [1893-1975]
Claude Cahun (France) [1894-1972]
E. E. Cummings (USA) [1894-1962]
     Essay, “Rethinking E.E. Cummings: An Appeal for a New Reading [redux]” by      
     Jerome Rothenberg
Uri Tsvi Greenberg (b. Galicia [now Poland]/Israel) [1894-1981]
Georgii Ivanov (Russia) [1894-1958]
Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz (Poland) [1894-1980]
Gertrud Kolmar [Gertrud Chodziesner] (Germany) [1894-1943]
Momcilo Nastasijević (Serbia) [1894-1938]
*Nishiwaki Janzaburō (Japan) [1894-1982]
Charles Reznikoff (USA) [1894-1976]
Pablo de Rokha [Carlos Diaz-Loyola] (Chile) [1894-1968]
Tanaka Fuyuji (Japan) [1894]
Joan Salvat-Papasseit (Spain) [1894-1924]
Marina Tsvetayeva (Russia) [1894-1941]
Ilia Zdanevitch (Russia) [1894-1975]
Ion Barbu (Romania) [1895-1961]
Theodoros Dornos (Greece) [1895?-1954]
*Paul Éluard [Eugène Grindel] (France) [1895-1952]
Abraham Lincoln Gillespie (USA) [1895-1950]
David Jones (England) [1895-1974]
Kaneko Mitsuharu (Japan) [1895-1975]
Nakashima Sho (Japan/USA) [1895-?]
Takis Papatsonis (Greece) [1895-1976]
Albin Zollinger (Switzerland) [1895-1941]
Antonin Artaud (France) [1896-1948]
*André Breton (France) [1896-1966]
Gaston Burssens (Belgium) [1896-1965]
Nancy Cunard (England) [1896-1965]
   Essay “The Woman Most Likely to Raise Dogs”  by Douglas Messerli
Gerardo Diego (Spain) [1896-1987]
Elmer Diktonius (Sweden) [1896-1961]
Jacob Glatshteyn (Poland/USA] [1896-1971]
Friedrich Glauser (Switzerland) [1896-1938]
Kostas Karyotakis (Greece) [1896-1928]
Walter Mehring (Germany) [1896-1981]
Francesco Meriano (Italy) [1896-1934]
Paul van Ostaijen (Belgium/writes in Dutch] [1896-1928]
   Book The First Book of Schmoll (PDF file)
Miyazawa Kenji (Japan) [1896-1933]
Eugenio Montale (Italy) [1896-1982]
Bino Sanminiatelli (Italy) [1896-1984]
Tristan Tzara (Romania) [1896-1963]
Jacques Vaché (France) [1896-1979]
Józef Wittlin (Poland/USA) [1896-1970]
Louis Aragon (France) [1897-1982]
Erwin Bloomfield [Erwin Blumenfeld] (b. Germany/USA) [1897-1969]
Joë Bousquet (France) [1897-1950]
Rudolf Henz (Austria) [1897-1987]
Hsü Chih-mo (China) [1897-1931]
Philippe Soupault (France) [1897-1990]
Tarjei Vesaas (Norway) [1897-1970]
Xu Zhimo (China) [1897-1931]
Dámaso Alonso (Spain) [1898-1984]
Miguel Angel Zambrano (Ecuador) [1898-1969]
Anzai Fuyue (Japan) [1898-1965]
Raul Bopp (Brazil) [1898-1984]
Bertolt Brecht (Germany) [1898-1956]
Paul Colinet (Belgium) [1898-1957]
Harry Crosby (USA) [1898-1929]
Julius Evola (Italy) [1898-1974]
Hedwig Katscher (Austria) [1898-1988]
Concha Méndez (Spain) [1898-1986]
Martinus Nijhoff (Netherlands) [1898-1945]
Nikolai Oleinikov (Russia/USSR) [1898-1937]
Giuseppe Raimondi (Italy) [1898-    ]
J. Slauerhoff (Frisian Island/Netherlands) [1898-1936]
*Giuseppe Steiner (Italy) [1898-1964]
    Book Drawn States of Mind [PDF file/free]
Taniguchi Isamu (Japan/USA) [1898-1992]
Melvin B. Tolson (USA) [1898-1966]
Uyemaruko Shizuku (Japan/USA) [1898-1992]
Yoshida Issui (Japan) [1899-1973]
Jorge Luis Borges (Argentina) [1899-1986]
Hart Crane (USA) [1899-1932]
    Essay “’Out of the Square, the Circle’:Vision in Nightmare”  by Douglas Messerli
Rade Drainac (Serbia) [1899-1943]
Anastasios Drivas (Greece) [1899-1942]
*Federico Garcia Lorca (Spain) [1899-1936]
Maruyama Kaoru (Japan) [1899-1974]
Erich Kästner (Germany) [1899]
Benjamin Péret (France) [1899-1959]
Elisabeth Langgässer (Germany) [1899-1950]
Carlos Pellicer (Mexico) [1899-1977]
Francis Ponge (France) [1899-1984]
Emilio Prados (Spain) [1899-1962]
Shinoda Youko (Japan/USA) [1899-1987]
Anatal Stern (Poland) [1899-1968]
Alan Tate (USA) [1899-1979]
Roger Vitrac (France) [1899-1959]
Wen Yiduo [Wen I-to] (China) [1899-1946]
Karin Boye (Sweden) [1900-1941]
Basil Bunting (England) [1900-1985]
Chu Yohan (Korea) [1900-1980]
*Maurice Gilliams (Belgium) [1900-1982]
Eyvind Johnson (Sweden) [1900-1976]
Robert Desnos (France) [1900-1945]
José Ramón Heredia (Venezuela) [1900]
Fily-Dabo Sissoko (Mali) [1900-1964]
Guillermo de Torre (Spain) [1900-1972]
Inagaki Taruho (Japan) [1900-1977]
Kitagawa Fuyuhiko (Japan) [1900]
Leopoldo Marechal (Argentina) [1900-1953]
Miyoshi Tatsuji (Japan) [1900-1964]
*Vítězslav Nezval (Czechoslavakia) [1900-1958]
     Essay “City for Failed Acrobats” (on Nezval’s Antilyrik) by Douglas Messerli
Jacques Prévert (France) [1900-1977]
George Seferis (Greece) [1900-1971]
Tu Mo (Viet Nam) [1900-1976]
Alexander Wat (Poland) [1900-1967]
Rosamel del Valle [Moisés Guitiérrez] (Chile) [1901-1965]
Andreas Embirikos (b. Romania/Greece) [1901-1975]
José Gorostiza (Mexico) [1901-1973]
Jacinto Fombona-Pachano (Venezuela) [1901]
Michel Leiris (France) [1901-1990]
Hino Sojo (Japan] [1901-1956]
Marie Luise Kaschnitz (Germany) [1901-1974]
Zoe Karelli (Greece) [1901-1998]
Henriqueta Lisboa (Brazil) [1901-1985]
François Le Lionnais (France) [1901-1984]
Cecília Meireles (Brazil) [1901-1964]
Murilo Mendes (Brazil) [1901-1975]
Murano Shiro (Japan) [1901-1975]
Oguma Hideo (Japan) [1901-1940]
Salvatore Quasimodo (Italy) [1901-1968]
Albert-Marie Schmidt (France) [1901]
Wilhelm Szabo (Austria) [1901-1986]
Jean-Joseph Rabéarivelo (Madagascar) [1901-1937]
Laura Riding [Jackson] (USA) [1901-1991]
Takahashi Shinkichi (Japan) [1901]
     Essay “Poet to Painter” by Douglas Messerli
Carlos Drummond de Andrade (Brazil) [1902-1978]
Hans Bellmer (Germany) [1902-1975]
Chŏng Chiyong (Korea) [1902-?]
Kaisar Emmanuil (Greece) [1902-1969]
Gyula Illyés (Hungary) [1902-1983]
Nazim Hikmet (Turkey/Poland) [1902-1963]
Nakano Shigeharu (Japan) [1902-1979]
Saga Nobuyuki (Japan) [1902]
Kim Sowŏl (Korea) [1902-1934]
Jaime Torres Bodet (Mexico) [1902-1974]
Jorge Carrera Andrade (Ecuador) [1903-1978]
Erich Arendt (Germany) [1903-1984]
Jorge Maateo Cuesta Porte-Petit (Mexico) [1903-1942]
Edwin Denby (USA) [1903-1983]
Jean Follain (France) [1903-1971]
Gérard Francis [Gérard Rosenthal] (France) [1903]
Hayashi Fumiko (Japan) [1903-1951]
Kim Yŏngnang (Korea) [1903-1950]
Kusano Shinpei (Japan) [1903-1988]
Henriqueta Lisboa (Brazil) [1903-1985]
Mathias Lübeck (Germany) [1903-1944]
E. L. T. Mesens [Edouard Léon Théodore] (Belgium) [1903-1971]
César Moro [Alfredo Quíspez Asín]  (Peru) [1903-1956]
Lorine Niedecker (USA) [1903-1970]
Aldo Pellegrini (Argentina) [1903-1973]
Jean Tardieu (France) [1903-1995]
Ono Tozaburo (Japan) [1903-1996]
Raymond Queneau (France) [1903-1976]
Raymond Radiguet (France) [1903-1923]
Carl Rakosi (USA) [1903-2004]
    Essay “Utopia without Poetry” by Douglas Messerli
Tagaki Kyozo (Japan) [1903]
Nikolai Zabolotsky (Russia/USSR) [1903-1958]
George Vafopoulos (Greece) [1903-1996]
Jonas Aistis [Jonas Aleksandravićius] (Lithuania) [1904-1973]
John Beecher (USA) [1904-1980]
Omar Cáceres (Chile) [1904-1943]
Johannes Edfelt (Sweden) [1904-1997]
Damil Kharms (Russia/USSR) [1904-1942]
Srečko Kosovel (Slovenia) [1904-1926]
Gilbert Lély (France) [1904-1985]
Harry Martinson (Sweden) [1904-1978]
Jehan Mayroux (France) [1904-1975]
Salomėja Nėris [Salomėja Bačinskaitė-Bučienė] (Lithuania) [1904-1945]
Moses Rosenkranz (Bukovina/Germany) [1904-2003]
Takenaka Iku (Japan) [1904]
Yi Yuksa (Korea) [1904-1944]
Xavier Villaurrutia (Mexico) [1904-1950]
Avoroth Yshuru (b. Ukraine/Israel) [1904]
Louis Zukofsky (USA) [1904-1978]
Gerrit Achterberg (Netherlands) [1905-1962]
Xavier Abril (Peru) [1905-1990]
Manuel Altolaguirre (Spain) [1905-1959]
Jacques Baron (France) [1905]
Vladimir Holan (Czechoslavkia) [1905-1980]
Iwasa Toichiro (Japan) [1905-1974]
*Atilla József (Hungary) [1905-1937]
Chona Madera (Canary Islands) [1905-1981]
Leonid Martynov (Russia/USSR) [1905-1980]
Kenneth Rexroth (USA) [1905-1982]
Ernst Schönwiese (Austria) [1905]
Louis Scutennaire (Belgium) [1905-1987]
Taniguchi Sadaya (Japan/USA) [1905-?]
Jesse Thoor [Peter Karl Höfler] (Germany) [1905-1952]
Adam Ważyk (Poland) [1905-1982]
Betti Alver (Estonia) [1906-1989]
Daniel Andreyev (Russia) [1906-1959]
Dimitrios I. Antoniou (Greece) [1906-1983]
Aurelio Arturo (Columbia) [1906-1974]
Samuel Beckett (Ireland) [1906-1989]
Achille Chavée (Belgium) [1906-1969]
Birago Diop (Senegal) [1906-1989]
Sait Faik (Turkey) [1906-1954]
Jean Ferry [Jean Lévy] (France) [1906-1976]
Snorri Hjartarson (Iceland) [1906-1986]
Georges Hugnet (France) [1906-1974]
Matsuda Hakisamei (Japan/USA) [1906-1970]
Nagase Kiyoko (Japan) [1906]
Kusano Shinpei (Japan) [1906-1988]
Erika Mitterer (Austria) [1906-2001]
Ellie Papadimitriou (Greece) [1906-1995]
Sandro Penna (Italy) [1906-1977]
Sjoerd Spanninga [Jan Dijkstra] (Netherlands/writes in Frisian) [1906-1985]
Zoltán Zelik (Hungary) [1906]
Werner Zemp (Switzerland) [1906-1959]
W.H. Auden (England/USA) [1907-1973]
   The Auden Group (England)
Rose Ausländer (Bukovina/Germany) [1907-1988]
Bernardas Brazdžionis (Lithuania) [1907-2002]
Nicolaos Calas (Greece) [1907-1985]
Asaf Hâlet Çelebi (Turkey) [1907-1958]
René Char (France) [1907-1988]
Josefina de la Torre (Canary Islands) [1907]
Humberto Díaz-Casanueva (Chile) [1907-1992]
Luis Felipe Vivanco (Spain) [1907-1975]
André Frénaud (France) [1907-1993]
Roger Gilbert-Leconte (France) [1907-1943]
Anna Hajnal (Hungary) [1907-1977]
Maurice Henry (France) [1907]
Hugo Larrea Andrade (Eucador) [1907]
Augusto Sacoto Arias (Ecuador) [1907-1979]
Solveig von Schoultz (Finland/writes in Swedish) [1907-1996]
Arseny Tarkovsky (Armenia/Russia) [1907-1989]
Martín Adán (Rafael de la Fuente Benavides) (Peru) [1908-1985]
René Daumal (France) [1908-1944]
Im Hwa (Korea) [1908-1953]
George Oppen (USA) [1908-1984]
Henry Parland (Finland/writes in Swedish) [1908-1930]
Nikos Gavriil Pentzikis (Greece) [1908-1993]
Emile Roumer (Haiti) [1908-1988]
Yorgos Sarantaris (Greece) [1908-1941]
Leonardo Sinisgalli (Italy) [1908-1981]
Stein Steinarr (Iceland) [1908-1958]
Takaoka Hiroyo (Japan/USA) [1908-?]
Atanasio Viteri (Ecuador) [1908-1965]
Helen Adam (b. Scotland/USA) [1909-1993]
Aurelio Arturo (Columbia) [1909-1974]
Igor Chinnov (Latvia) [1909-1996]
Léo Malet (France) [1909-1996]
Leopold Panero (Spain) [1909-1962]
Miklós Radnóti (Hungary) [1909-1944]
Yannis Ritsos (Greece) [1909-1990]
Franz Baermann Steiner (b. Czechoslovakia/Germany) [1909-1952]
Hilde Domin [Hildegard Löwenstein (Palm)] (Germany) [1909-2006]
Anna Świrsczyńska (Poland) [1909-1984]
Virgil Teodorescu (Romania) [1909-1987]
Olga Berggolts (Russia) [1910-1975]
Ai Ch’ing (China) [1910-1996]
*Nikos Engonópoulos (Greece) [1910-1985]
Gyorgy Faludy (Hungary) [1910-2006]
Jean Genet (France) [1910-1986]
Miguel Hernández (Spain) [1910-1942]
Sara de Ibáñez (Uruguay) [1910-1971]
Nikos Kavadias (Greece) [1910-1975]
Norman MacCaig (Scotland) [1910]
Alexandros Mátas (Greece) [1910-1969]
Melissánthi (Greece) [1910-1990]
Enríque Molina (Argentina) [1910-1997]
Charles Olson (USA) [1910-1970]
Charles Pressóir (Haiti) [1910]
Edouard Roditi (France/USA) [1910-1992]
Luis Rosales (Spain) [1910-1992]
Istvan Vas (Hungary) [1910-1991]
Yi Sang (Korea) [1910-1937]
José María Arguedas (Peru) [1911-1969]
Attilio Bertolucci (Italy) [1911-2000]
Elizabeth Bishop (USA) [1911-1979]
Gabriel Celaya [Rafael Múgica] (Spain) [1911-1991]
Allen Curnow (New Zealand) [1911-2001]
Faiz Ahmed Faiz (Pakistan) [1911-1984]
Odysseus Elytis (Greece) [1911-1996]
Joaquín Gallegos Lara (Ecuador) [1911-1947]
Alfred Gesswein (Austria) [1911-1983]
Ignacio Lasso (Ecuador) [1911-1943]
Patrice de Le Tour du Pin (France) [1911-1975]
Jorge Isaac Robayo (Ecaudor) [1911-1960]
Josef Mayer-Limberg (Austria) [1911-1992]
Nela Martínez (Ecuador) [1911-2004]
Bern Porter (USA) [1911-2004]
Sagawa Chika [Kawasaki Aiko] (Japan) [1911-1936]
Carlos Suárez Veintimilla (Ecuador) [1911]
Nikiforos Vrettakos (Greece) [1911-1991]
Emilio Adolfo Westphalen (Peru) [1911-2001]
Tennessee Williams (USA) [1911-1983]
John Cage (USA) [1912-1992]
Giorgio Caproni (Italy) [1912-1990]
Pablo Antonio Cuadra (Nicaragua) [1912-2002]
Edoardo Cacciatore (Italy) [1912-1996]
Léon-Gontran Damas (French Guiana) [1912-1978]
Andrejs Eglītis (Latvia) [1912-2006]
William Everson (Brother Antonius) 1912-1994
    Review of Everson’s The Light the Shandow Casts by James Dunagan
Nikos Gatsos (Greece) [1912-1992]
Enrique Gil Gilbert (Ecuador) [1912-1973]
Jan Hanlo (Netherlands) [1912-1969]
Edmond Jabès (France) [1912-1991]
Jean Lescure (France) [1912-2005]
José A. Llerena (Ecuador) [1912-1977]
Félix Morisseau-Leroy (Haiti) [1912-1998]
Adriaan Morriën (Netherlands) [1912-2002]
No Ch’ŏmyŏng (Korea) [1912-1957]
Pak Sŏk (Korea) [1912-?]
Henri Pastoureau (France) [1912-1996]
Virgilio Piñera (Cuba) [1912-1979]
Dionisio Ridruejo (Spain) [1912-1975]
Juliane Windhager (Austria) [1912-1986]
Antoine-Roger Bolamba (Congo/Kinshasa) [1913-2002]
Sandor Weöres (Hungary) [1913-1989]
Aimé Césaire (Martinique) [1913-2008]
     Essay “A Life Serving Others,” by Douglas Messerli
Jorge I. Guerrero (Ecuador) [1913]
Gherasim Luca (Romania) [1913-1994]
Tove Meyer (Denmark) [1913-1972]
Vinicius De Morães (Brazil) [1913-1980]
Meret Oppenheim (Switzerland) [1913-1985]
Jacques Rabemananjara (Madagascar) [1913-2005]
Sabine Sicaud (France) [1913-1928]
Huberto Vacas Gómez (Ecuador) [1913]
Aida Tsunao (Japan) [1914-1990]
Eduardo Arquita (Chile) [1914-1992]
Carlos Bazante (Ecuador) [1914]
William Burroughs (USA) [1914-1997]
Teofilo Cid (Chile) [1914-1964]
Julio Cortázar (Argentina) [1914-1984]
Angel Gaztelu (Cuba) [1914-2003]
K. O. Götz (Germany) [1914]
Georges Hénein (Egypt) [1914-1973]
Efraín Huerta (Mexico) [1914-1982]
Kinoshita Yuji (Japan) [1914-1965]
*Mario Luzi (Italy) [1914-2005]
Daria Menicanti (Italy) [1914-1995]
Kostas Montis (Greece) [1914-2004]
Adalberto Ortiz (Ecuador) [1914-2003]
Nicanor Parra (Chile) [1914]
Octavio Paz (Mexico) [1914-1998]
Joaquím Pasos (Nicaragua) [1914-1947]
Flavien Ranaivo (Madagascar) [1914-1999]
Akesis Rannit (Estonia) [1914]
Oktay Rifat (Turkey) [1914-1988]
Emmanuel Roblès (Algeria) [1914-1995]
Celâl Silay (Turkey) [1914-1974]
Emilio Villa (Italy) [1914-2003]
Dylan Thomas (Wales) [1914-1953]
Pedro Jorge Vera (Ecuador) [1914-1999]
Melih Cevdet Anday (Turkey) [1915-2002]
René Bélance (Haiti) [1915-2004]
Christine Busta (Austria) [1915-1987]
Alejandro Carrión (Ecuador) [1915-1992]
Nelson Estupiñán Bass (Ecuador) [1915]
Enrique Gómez-Correa (Chile) [1915-1995]
Max Hölzer (Austria) [1915-1984]
Karl Krolow (Germany) [1915-1999]
Christine Lavant (Austria) [1915-1973]
Porfirio Meneses Lazón (Peru/writes in Quechua) [1915]
*Gellu Naum (Romania) [1915-2001]
Justo Rodríguez Santos (Cuba) [1915-1999]
Thomas Sessler (Austria) [1915]
Sŏ Chŏngju (Korea) [1915-2000]
Leo Vroman (Netherlands) [1915]
Zikkoku Osamu (Japan) [1915]
Gastón Baquero  (Cuba) [1916-1997]
Juan Eduardo Ciriot (Spain) [1916-1973]
Bernard Binlin Dadié (Ivory Coast) [1916]
Pierre Emmanuel (France) [1916-1984]
David Gascoyne (England) [1916-2001]
Anne Hébert (Canada) [1916-2000]
Kjell Hjern (Sweden) [1916-1984]
Behçet Necatigil (Turkey) [1916-1979]
Pak Mogwŏl (Korea) [1916-1978]
Pino Ojeda (Canary Islands) [1916-2002]
Blas de Otero (Spain) [1916-1979]
Pak Tujin (Korea) [1916-1998]
Takis Varvitsiotis (Greece) [1916]
Wada Hakuro (USA) [1916-?]
Yusaf al-Khal (Lebanon) [1917-1987]
Johannes Bobrowski (Germany) [1917-1965]
Kazys Bradānas (Lithuania) [1917]
Leonore Carrington (England) [1917]
Robert Conquest (England) [1917]
Nick Joaquin (The Philippines) [1917-2004]
Nikos Karydis (Greece) [1917-1984]
Matsuda Kazue [Violet Kazue de Cristoforo] (Hawaii/USA) [1917-2007]
   Essay “On Alien Land,” by Douglas Messerli
Ricardo Molina (Spain) [1917-1969]
G. M. Mukotodh (India) [1917-1964]
Paul Niger (Guadeloupe) [1917-1962]
Augusto Roa Bastos (Paraguay) [1917-2005]
*Gonzalo Rojas (Chile) [1917-2011]
Takis Sinopoulos (Greece) [1917-1981]
Guy Tirolien (Guadeloupe) [1917-1988]
Fernando Alégria (Chile) [1918-2005]
Werner Aspenström (Sweden) [1918-1997]
Martin Bell (English) [1918-1978]
İlhan Berk (Turkey) [1918-2008]
Cees Buddingh’ (Netherlands) [1918-1985]
César Dávila Anddrade (Ecuador) [1918-1967]
Tove Ditlevsen (Denmark) [1918-1976]
Du Yunxie (Malaysia/China) [1918]
Jeannie Ebner (Austria) [1918-2004]
Alberto Girri (Argentina) [1918-1991]
Abba Kovner (Israel) [1918-1987]
Bert Schierbeek (Netherlands) [1918-1996]
Yun Tongju (Korea) [1918-1945]
Noël Arnaud (France) [1919-2003]
Rudolf Bayr (Austria) [1919-1990]
Ivan Blatný (Czechoslavakia/England) [1919-1990]
Iason Depountis (Greece) [1919]
Robert Duncan (USA) [1919-1988]
     Poem "My Mother Would Be a Falconress," by Duncan [link]
Jan G. Elburg (Netherlands) [1919-1992]
France Filipič (Slovenia) [1919]
Vicente Gaos (Spain) [1919-1980]
Michael Guttenbrunner (Austria) [1919-2004]
José Luis Hidalgo (Spain) [1919-1947]
Michalis Katsaros (Greece) [1919-1998]
César Fernández Moreno (Argentina) [1919]
Ku Sang (Korea) [1919-2004]
Yoshioka Minoru (Japan) [1919-1990]
Nakagiri Masao (Japan) [1919]
Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (Portugal) [1919-2004]
Mílos Sahtoúris (Greece) [1919-2005]
Silja Walter (Switzerland) [1919]
Tatamkhulu Afrika (b. Egypt/South Africa) [1920-2002]
Ayukawa Nobuo (Japan) [1920-1986]
Mario Benedetti (Uruguay) [1920-2009]
João Cabral de Melo Neto (Brazil) [1920-1999]
*Paul Celan (Bukovina (Romania)/France) [1920-1970]
   Book Lightduress [PDF file]
Cho Chihun (Korea) [1920-1968]
Hanns Cibulka (DDR/now Germany) [1920]
Adonis Decavalles (Greece) [1920]
   Essay “A Quiet Man in the Vast and Chattering Desert,” by Douglas Messerli
D. J. Enright (England) [1920-2002]
Alfred Gong (Bukovina/USA) [1920-1981]

Stefán Hörður Grímsson (Iceland) [1920-2002]

   Essay “The Countess of Berkeley,” by Douglas Messerli
Ernst Herbeck (Austria) [1920-1991]
Ishigaki Rin (Japan) [1920]
Lêdo Ivo (Brazil) [1920]
Ektor Kaknavatos (Greece) [1920]
Jaan Kross (Estonia) [1920-2007]
Paul Laraque (Haiti/USA) [1920]
Pedro Lezcano (b. Spain/Canary Islands) [1920]
Kaliju Lepik (Estonia) [1920-1999]
Yargas Likos (Greece) [1920-2001]
Pierre Martory (France) [1920-1998]
Edwin Morgan (Scotland) [1920]
Doris Mühringer (Austria) [1920]
Henrikas Nagys (Lithuania) [1920]
Alfonsas Nyka-Niliūnas (Lithuania) [1920]
Olga Orozco (Argentina) [1920-1999]
Arshi Papa (Albania) [1920-1997]
Marcel and Gabriel Piqueray (Belgium) [1920-1992 (Gabriel)] [1920-1997 (Marcel)]
Gisèle Prassinos (France) [1920]
Franz Richter (Austria) [1920]
Nelo Risi (Italy) [1920]
Carlos de Rokha (Chile) [1920-1962]
Györrgy Somlyó (Hungary) [1920]
Idea Vilariño (Uruguay) [1920]
Zhou Mengdie (China) [1920]
Zef Zorba (Albania) [1920-1943]
(8) Ilse Aichinger (Austria) [1921]
[H]ans [C]arl Artmann (Austria) [1921-2000]
*Krzysztof Kamil Baczyński (Poland) [1921-1944]
Antonín Bartušek (Czechoslavakia/now Czech Republic) [1921]
Wolfgang Borchert (Germany) [1921-1947]
Andonis Dimoulas (Greece) [1921-1985]
Erich Fried (Austria) [1921-1988]
Margherita Guidacci (Italy) [1921-1992]
Helmut Heissenbüttel (Germany) [1921-1996]
     “The Dilemma of Being High and Dry”
     “Schematic Development of Tradition”
Radovan Ivsic (Croatia) [1921-2009]
Tymoteusz Karpowicz (Poland) [1921]
Kim Su-yŏng (Korea) [1921-1968]
Aina Kraujiete (Latvia) [1921]
Miguel Labordeta (Spain) [1921-1969] 
Eeva-Liisa Manner (Finland) [1921-1995]
Kurt Marti (Switzerland) [1921]
José María Millares Sall (Canary Islands) [1921]
Carlos de Oliveira (b. Brazil/Portugal) [1921-1981]
Tadeusz Róċwicz (Poland) [1921]
Jaime Saenz (Bolivia) [1921-1986]
Octavio Smith (Cuba) [1921-1987]
Javier Sologuren (Peru) [1921]
Eleni Vacalo (Greece) [1921-2001]
Nanos Valaoritis (b. Switzerland/Greece/USA) [1921]
Cintio Vitier (Cuba) [1921-2009]
Hans Warren (Netherlands) [1921-2001]
Andrea Zanzotto (Italy) [1921]
Abdullah al-Baradduni (Yemen) [1922-1999]
Aris Alexandrou (Greece) [1922-1978]
Nāzik al-Malā’ka (Iraq) [1922-2007]
Kingsley Amis (England) [1922-1995]
Miron Białoszewski (Poland) [1922]
Donald Davie (England) [1922-1995]
Blaga Dmitrova (Bulgaria) [1922]
Stefan Doinaş [Stefan Popa] (Romania) [1922-2002]
Christian Dotremont (Belgium) [1922-1979]
Luciano Erba (Italy) [1922]
Jack Kerouac (USA) [1922-1969]
Kim Ch’unsu (Korea) [1922]
Kihara Koichi (Japan) [1922]
Kitamura Taro (Japan) [1922]
Philip Larkin (England) [1922-1985]
Tasos Livaditis (Greece) [1922]
Hanny Michaelis (Netherlands) [1922-2007]
Ágnes Nemes Nagy (Hungary) [1922-1991]
Agustinho Neto (Angola) [1922-1979]
Aristotelis Nikolaidis (Greece) [1922-1987]
Eunice Odio (Costa Rica/Mexico) [1922-1974]
D. P. Papaditsas (Greece) [1922-1987]
Veronica Porumbacu (Romania) [1922-1976]
Hannes Sigfússon (Iceland) [1922-1997]
Jan Skácel (Czechoslavkia/now Czech Republic) [1922-1989]
Salette Tavares (Mozambique/Portugal) [1922]
Aharon Amir (Israel) [1923-2008]
Eugenio de Andrade (Portugal) [1923-2005]
Mandó Aravandinoú (Greece) [1923-1998]
Rafael Arozarena (Canary Islands) [1923]
Yves Bonnefoy (France) [1923]
Carlos Bousoño (Spain) [1923]
Paul Braffort (France) [1923]
Stefan Brecht (b. Germany/USA) [1923-2009]
Jorge Luis Cáceres (Chile) [1923-1949]
Cristina Campo [Vittoria Guerrini] (Italy) [1923-1977]
Ion Caraion (Romania) [1923-1986]
Mário Cesariny de Vasconcelos (Portugal) [1923-2006]
Elena Clementelli (Italy) [1923]
Christine D’haen (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1923-2009]
Carlos Edmundo de Ory (Spain) [1923]
Fina García Marruz (Cuba) [1923]
Pablo García Baena (Spain) [1923]
Chaim Gouri (Mandatory Palistine/Israel) [1923]
Armanda Guiducci (Italy) [1923-1993]
Mirsolav Holub (Czech Republic) [1923-1998]
Nizar Kabbani (Syria) [1923-1998]
George Makris (Greece) [1923-1968]
Christopher Middleton (England) [1923]
Alvaro Mutis (Columbia) [1923]
Leif Panduro (Denmark) [1923-1977]
James Schuyler (USA) [1923-1991]
Wisława Szymborska (Poland) [1923]
Tamura Ryūichi (Japan) [1923-1998]
Herbert Zand (Austria) [1923-1970]
Yehuda Amichai (Israel) [1924-2000]
André du Bouchet (France) [1924-2001]
Dennis Brutus (Zimbabwe) [1924-2009]
Nina Cassian (Romania) [1924]
Cid Corman (USA/lives Japan) [1924-2004]
Jorge Gaitán Durán (Colombia) [1924-1962]
Jorge Eduardo Eielson (Peru) [1924]
Nissim Ezekiel (India/writes in English) [1924-2004]
Jerzy Ficowski (Poland) [1924-2006]
Gerhard Fritsch (Austria) [1924-1969]
Janet Frame (New Zealand) [1924-2004]
Gust Gils (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1924-2002]
Epameinondas Gonatas (Greece) [1924-2006]
Zbigniew Herbert (Poland) [1924-1998]
Hans Lodeizen (Netherlands) [1924-1950]
*Lucebert (Netherlands) [1924-1994]
    Book Collected Poems, Volume 1 [PDF file]
Pavel Matev (Bulgaria) [1924-2006]
Friederike Mayröcker (Austria) [1924]
Aila Meriluoto (Finland) [1924]
Walther Nowotny (Austria) [1924]
Alexandre O’Neill (Portugal) [1924-1986]
George Pavlópoulos (Greece) [1924]
Sybren Polet (Netherlands) [1924]
António Ramos Rosa (Portugal) [1924]
Alexandros Skinas (Greece) [1924]
Maria Luisa Spaziani (Italy) [1924]
Olga Votsi (Greece) [1924-1998]
Karl Wawra (Austria) [1924]
Sonja Åkesson (Sweden) [1925-1977]
Manólis Anagnostákis (Greece) [1925]
Robin Blaser (USA/Canada) [1925-2009]
   Essay “The Fire Behind Myself” (on Blaser’s The Fire: The Collected Essays) by   
    Douglas Messerli (with note)
Heimrad Bäcker (Austria) [1925-2003]
Ernesto Cardenal (Nicaragua) [1925]
Martin Camaj (Albania) [1925-1992]
Rosario Castellanos (Mexico) [1925-1974]
Arif Damar (Turkey) [1925]
Ian Hamilton Finlay (b. Bahamas/Scotland) [1925-2006]
François Garnung (France) [1925]
Claude Gauvert (Canada) [1925-1971]
Ángel González (Spain) [1925-2008]
Alois Hergouth (Austria) [1925-2002]
Hong Yunsuk (Korea) [1925]
Philippe Jaccottet (Switzerland) [1925]
Ernst Jandl (Austria) [1925-2000]
Roberto Juarroz (Argentina) [1925-1995]
Bob Kaufman (USA) [1925-1986]
Kenneth Koch (USA) [1925-2002]
Inge Müller (Germany) [1925-1966]
Nīkuni Seiichi (Japan) [1925-1979]
Heinz Piontek (Germany) [1925-2003]
Jack Spicer (USA) [1925-1965]
Östen Sjöstrand (Sweden) [1925-2006]
Thor Vilhjálmsson (b. Scotland/Icleand] [1925]
John Wain (England) [1925-1994]
Emmett Williams (USA) [1925-2007]
Yamamoto Taro (Japan) [1925]
Sonja Åkesson (Sweden) [1926-1977]
Hans Andreus (Netherlands) [1926-1977]
*Ingeborg Bachmann (Austria) [1926-1973]
Abdul Wahab Al-Bayati (Iraq) [1926-1999]
Paul Blackburn (USA) [1926-1971]
Elisabeth Borchers (Germany) [1926]
George Brecht (USA) [1926-2008]
José Manuel Caballero Bonald (Spain) [1926]
Bo Carpelan (Finland) [1926]
Robert Creeley (USA) [1926-2005]
Ángel Crespo (Spain) [1926-1997]
René Depestre (Haiti) [1926]
J. Eijkelboom (The Netherlands) [1926]
Landis Everson (USA) [1926]
Robert Filliou (USA) [1926-1987]
Luciana Frezza (Italy) [1926-1994]
Lorenzo García Vega (Cuba) [1926]
Allen Ginsberg (USA) [1926-1996]
Elizabeth Jennings (England) [1926-2002]
Ibaragi Noriko (Japan) [1926]
Astride Ivaska (Latvia) [1926]
Frank Jæger (Denmark) [1926-1977]
Nikos Karouzos (Greece) [1926]
Kuroda Kio (Japan) [1926]
Ivan Malinowski (Denmark) [1926-1989]
Sigmund Mjelve (Norway) [1926-1995]
Frank O’Hara (USA) [1926-1966]
Pak Inhwan (Korea) [1926-1956]
Christa Reinig (DDR/Germany) [1926]
*Jean-Pierre Rosnay (France) [1926-2010]
Jean Sénac (Algeria) [1926-1973]
Badr Shākir al-Sayyāb (Iraq) [1926-1964]
Cleva Solis (Cuba) [1926-1997]
Kostas Steriopoulos (Greece) [1926]
Blanca Varela (Peru) [1926]
Pierre Alechinsky (Belgium) [1927]
Tuomas Anhava (Finland) [1927-2001]
John Ashbery (USA) [1927]
   Review of Ashbery’s Wakefulness by Marjorie Perloff
   Essay “The Pick-up,” by Douglas Messerli
Carlos Germán Belli (Peru) [1927]
Edwin Brock (England) [1927]
Klaus Demus (Austria) [1927]
David Diop (Senegal) [1927-1960]
Jacques Dupin (France) [1927-2012]
*Larry Eigner (USA) [1927-1996]
     Essay-review “Broadcasting Silence” by Douglas Messerli
Luis Feria (Canary Islands) [1927]
Günter Grass (Germany) [1927]
Fu’ad Haddad (Egypt) [1927-1985]
Fritzi Harmsen van Beek (Netherlands) [1927]
Pentti Holappa (Finland) [1927]
Folke Isaksson (Sweden) [1927]
Kim Nanjo (Korea) [1927]
Philip Lamantia (USA) [1927-2005]
Nakamura Minoru (Japan) [1927]
Oskar Pastior (Romania/Germany/writes in German) [1927-2006]
Nikos Photkas (Greece) [1927]
Taurig Rafat (Pakistan) [1927-1998]
Tomás Segovia (b. Spain/Mexico) [1927]
Kostis Taktsis (Greece) [1927-1988]
Charles Tomlinson (England) [1927]
Turgut Uyar (Turkey) [1927-1985]
Miroslav Válek (Czechslovakia/now Slovakia) [1927-1991]
Wiktor Woroszylski (Poland) [1927-1996]
Ludwig Zeller (Chile) [1927]
Lionel Abrahams (South Africa) [1928-2004]
Laís Corrêa de Araújo (Brazil) [1928-2006]
Affonso Ávila (Brazil) [1928]
Chawki Baghdadi (Syria) [1928]
Carlo Barral (Spain) [1928-1989]
Pino Betancor (Canary Islands) [1928]
Edip Cansever (Turkey) [1928-1986]
Sigfús Daðason (Iceland) [1928-1996]
Lars Forssell (Sweden) [1928-2007]
Günter Bruno Fuchs (Germany) [1928-1977]
Vera Gherarducci (Italy) [1928]
Edouard Glissant (Martinique) [1928]
Kurt Klinger (Austria) [1928]
Anise Koltz (Luxembourg) [1928]
Herta Kräftner (Austria) [1928-1951]
Ingemar Leckius (Sweden) [1928]
Lo Fu [Mo Luofu] (Taiwan) [1928]
Lars Lundkvist (Sweden) [1928]
Jayanta Mahapatra (India) [1928]
Joyce Mansour (England/France) [1928-1986]
Giancarlo Marjarino (Italy) [1928]
Slavko Mihalic (Croatia) [1928]
Munir Niazi (Pakistan) [1928]
Lassi Nummi (Finland) [1928]
Títos Patríkos (Greece) [1928]
Miodrag Pavlović (Yugoslavia/now Serbia and Montenegro) [1928]
Hasegawa Ryusei (Japan) [1928]
Genrikh Sapgir (USSR / now Rusia) [1928]
Per Højholt (Denmark) [1928]
Nathaniel Tarn (England/USA) [1928]
Simon Vinkenoog (Netherlands) [1928-2009]
Al-Munsif al-Wahaybi (Tunisia) [1929]
René Altmann (Austria) [1929-1978]
José Ángel Valente (Spain) [1929-2000]
Armando [Herman Dirk von Dodeweerd] (Netherlands) [1929]
Jaime Gil de Biedma (Spain) [1929-1990]
David Barnett (England/lives Wales) [1929]
Walter Buchebner (Austria) [1929-1964]
Hugo Claus (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1929-2008]
   Essay-review “Sparse Song Dark Thread” (on Claus’ Desire) by Douglas Messerli
Remco Campert (Netherlands) [1929]
   Essay-review “A Simplicity of Saying” (on Campert’s This Happened Everywhere) by
     Douglas Messerli
Haraldo de Campos (Brazil) [1929-2003]
Corrado Costa (Italy) [1929-1991]
Robert Crosson (USA) [1929-2001]
    Essay “Finding It Hard to Navigate,” by Douglas Messerli
Edward Dorn (USA) [1929-1999]
     Review of Dorn’s Two Interviews by James Dunagan
Kenward Elmslie (USA) [1929]
Hans Magnus Enzensberger (Germany) [1929]
Walter Helmut Fritz (Germany) [1929]
Thomas Gunn (England/USA) [1929-2004]
Gabor Görgey (Hungary) [1929]
François Jacqmin (Belgium) [1929-1992]
Sándor Kányádi (Hungary) [1929]
Günter Kunert (DDR/Germany) [1929]
Joseph Julien Gugliemi (France) [1929]
Paul-Marie Lapointe (Canada/writes in French] [1929]
Ed Leeflang (Netherlands) [1929]
Carlos Obregón (Columbia) [1929-1963]
Peter Porter (Australia/England) [1929]
A. K. Ramanujan (India/writes in Tamil] [1929-1993]
Wieland Schmied (Austria) [1929]
André Schmitz (Belgium) [1929]
Shinkawa Kazue (Japan) [1929]
*Gilbert Sorrentino (USA) [1929-2006]
Nivarita Tejera (b. Cuba/Canary Islands/France) [1929]
Ilse Tielsch (Austria) [1929]
Kateb Yacine (Algeria) [1929-1989]
Dane Zajc (Slovenia) [1929]
Chinua Achebe (Nigeria) [1930]
*Adonīs [Alī Ahmad Sa’īd] (Syria/Lebanon) [1930]
   Book If Only the Sea Could Sleep [PDF file]
Horst Bienek (Germany) [1930-1990]
Kamau Brathwaite (Barbados) [1930]
Claude Michel Cluny (France) [1930]
Gregory Corso (USA) [1930]
Sandor Csoóri (Hungary) [1930]
Michel Deguy (France) [1930]
Jean-Pierre Duprey (France) [1930-1959]
Kjell Espmark (Sweden) [1930]
Mário Faustino (Brazil) [1930-1962]
Roy Fisher (England) [1930]
Mihal Hanxhari (Albania) [1930-1999]
Hans-Jürgen Heise (Germany) [1930]
Herberto Helder (Madeira Islands, Portugal) [1930]
Kawasaki Hiroshi (Japan) [1930-2004]
Iijima Kōichi (Japan) [1930]
Salah Jahin (Egypt) [1930-1986]
Fayad Jamis (Cuba) [1930]
Mattias Johannessen (Iceland) [1930]
Majken Johansson (Sweden) [1930]
Gabriella Leto (Italy) [1930]
Harry Mathews (USA/lives France) [1930]
Bernard Noël (France) [1930]
Tadeusz Nowak (Poland) [1930]
Andreas Okopenko (b. Czechoslovakia/Austria) [1930-2010]
Heberto Padilla (Cuba) [1930-2000]
Dan Pagis (b. Bukovina/Israel) [1930-1986]
   Book War Variations [PDF file]
Gerhard Rühm (Austria) [1930]
Edoardo Sanguineti (Italy) [1930-2010]
Shang Quin (b. China/Taiwan) [1930]
Gary Snyder (USA) [1930]
Peter Sandelin (Finland/writes in Swedish) [1930]
Anthony Thwaite (England) [1930]
Shin Tongyŏp (Korea) [1930-1969]
Martial Sinda (Congo) [c. 1930]   
Lennart Sjögren (Sweden) [1930]
Roberto Sosa (Honduras) [1930]
Jude Stéfan (France) [1930]
Jörg Steiner (Switzerland) [1930]
Yagawa Sumiko (1930-2002]
Taha Muhammad Ali (b. Mandatory Palestine/Israel) [1931]
    Essay “Flying” (on Ayhan’s The Blind Cat Black and Orthodoxies) by Douglas
    Messerli
Vizma Belševica (Latvia) [1931]
Jacques Bens (France) [1931-2001]
Thomas Bernhard (Austria) [1931-1989]
Jack Collum (USA) [1931]
Henri Deluy (France) [1931]
   Book Carnal Love [PDF file]
Kiki Dimoula (Greece) [1931]
José Pascuel Buxó (Spain/Mexico) [1931]
Antonio Garmoneda (Spain) [1931]
Paavo Haavikko (Finland) [1931]
Manfred Peter Hein (Germany) [1931]
Margarethe Herzele (Austria) [1931]
Alfred Kolleritsch (Austria) [1931]
Alda Merini (Italy) [1931]
Conny Hannes Meyer (Austria) [1931]
Horikawa Masami (Japan) [1931]
Irizawa Yasuo (Japan) [1931]
Alfred Kolleritsch (Austria) [1931]
Urszula Kozioł (Poland) [1931]
Edouard J. Maurick (Mauritius) [1931]
Ōoka Makoto (Japan) [1931]
Rossana Ombres (Italy) [1931]
Göran Palm (Sweden) [1931]
Hughes C. Pernath [Hugo Wouters] (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1931-1975]
Göran Printz-Påhlson (Sweden) [1931]
Mirrka Rekola (Finland) [1931]
Klaus Rifbjerg (Denmark) [1931]
Jerome Rothenberg (USA) [1931]
    New Poems (from The Book of Concealments)
    Essay “A Vigorous Medley of Voices” (on a reading of Rothenberg’s and Jeffrey   
       Robinsons’ anthology The University of California Book of Romantic and Post-
       Romantic Poets) by Douglas Messerli
Shang Qin (China) [1931]
Shiraishi Kazuko (b. Canada/Japan) [1931]
Lasse Söderberg (Sweden) [1931]
Olafs Stumbrs (Latvia) [1931]
Cemal Süreya (Turkey) [1931-1990]
Tanikawa Shuntarō (Japan) [1931]
Abdelkarim Tabbal (Morocco) [1931]
Tchicaya U Tam’Si (Congo) [1931-1988]
*David Antin (USA) [1932]
   Essay-review “Answering the Sphinx” (on Antin’s I Never Knew What Time It Was) by
   Douglas Messerli
   Essay “Fractures of Self” (on Antin’s Radical Coherency) by Douglas Messerli
Konrad Bayer (Austria) [1932-1964]
Jürgen Becker (Germany) [1932]
Francisco Brines (Spain) [1932]
Andrzei Bursa (Poland) [1932-1957]
Michel Couturier (France) [1932-1987]
Ernest David (Austria) [1932]
Mosheh Dor (Israel) [1932]
Werner Dürrson (Germany) [1932]
Elfriede Gerstl (Austria) [1932]
Philip Hobsbaum (England) [1932]
Hermann Jandl (Austria) [1932]
Vyron Leondaris (Greece) [1932]
George Macbeth (Scotland) [1932-1992]
Michael McClure (USA) [1932]
Roal’d Mandelshtam (USSR) [1932-1961]
Marco Antonio Mortes de Oca (Mexico) [1932]
René Philoctète (Haiti) [1932-1995]
Christopher Okigbo (Nigeria) [1932-1967]
Peter Redgrove (England) [1932-2003]
Jacques Roubaud (France) [1932]
C. K. Stead (New Zealand) [1932]
Thanasis Tzoulis (Greece) [1932]
Ya Xian (China) [1932]
Keith Waldrop (USA) [1932]
Riekus Waskowsky (Netherlands) [1932-1977]
Annemarie Zonnack (Germany) [1932]
Gültan Akin (Turkey) [1933]
Ruy Belo (Portugal) [1933-1978]
Jacques Brault (Canada/writes in French) [1933]
David Bromige (b. England/Canada] [1933-2009]
    Essay “Changing Hands,” by Douglas Messerli
Hans Faverey (Surinam/Netherlands) [1933-1990]
    Essay-review “Standstill” (on Faverey’s Against the Forgetting) by Douglas Messerli
Ágnes Gergely (Hungary) [1933]
Jerzy Harasymowicz (Poland) [1933-1999]
Peter Härtling (Germany) [1933]
Jovan Hristić (Serbia) [1933]
*Ko Un (Korea) [1933]
    Book Himalaya Poems [PDF file]
    Book Songs for Tomorrow [PDF file]
    Book Ten Thousand Lives [PDF file]
    Essay “At the Edge of the Continent,” by Douglas Messerli
*Reiner Kunze (DDR/now Germany) [1933]
    Book Rich Catch in an Empty Creel [PDF file]
John Leefman (Surinam/Netherlands) [1933]
Edward Lucie-Smith (Jamaica/England) [1933]
Roland Morisseau (Haiti) [1933]
Pak Chaesan (Korea) [1933-1997]
Rezső Keszthelyi (Hungary) [1933]
Peter Orlovsky (USA) [1933-2010]
Marcelin Pleynet (France) [1933]
Manuel Padorno (Canary Islands) [1933]
Alkesandar Ristović (Serbia) [1933]
Nichita Stănnescu (Romania) [1933-1983]
Farrokh Tamimi (Iran) [1933]
Frank Samperi (USA) [1933-1991]
*(8) Paul Snoek [Edmond Schietekat] (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1933-1981]
Guillermo Sucre (Venezuela) [1933]
Ojars Vacietis (Latvia) [1933-1983]
Vasilis Vassilikos (Greece) [1933]
Andrei Voznesensky (USSR) [1933]
Imants Ziedonis (Latvia) [1933]
Fleur Adcock (New Zealand/England) [1934]
Gennadi Aygi (Russia/Chuvash) [1934]
   Essay-review “Word-faces” (on Aygi’s Child-and-Rose) by Douglas Messerli
David Avidan (Israel) [1934]
Muhammad al-Maghut (Syria) [1934]
Amiri Baraka [LeRoi Jones] (USA) [1934]
Circil Bergles (Slovenia) [1934]
Ted Berrigan (USA) [1934-1983]
Joseph Ceravolo (USA) [1934-1988]
Jayne Cortez [Sallie Jayne Richardson] (USA) [1934-2012]
Adam Czerniawski (Poland) [1934]
Tasos Denegris (Greece) [1934]
Diane di Prima (USA) [1934]
Stanisław Grochowiak (Poland) [1934-1976]
Judith Herzberg (Netherlands) [1934]
Leland Hickman (USA) [1934-1991]
Anselm Hollo (b. Finland/USA) [1934-2013]
Naná Isaia (Greece) [1934]
Wulf Kirstein (German Democratic Republic/now Germany] [1934]
Rutger Kopland (Netherlands) [1934]
Gerrit Krol (Netherlands) [1934]
Johannes Kühn (Germany) [1934]
Otto Laaber (Austria) [1934-1973]
Branko Miljkovic (Serbia) [1934-1961]
Vsevolod Nekrasov (USSR / now Russia) [1934]
David Malouf (Australia) [1934]
Piera Oppezzo (Italy) [1934]
Rafael Pérez Estrada (Spain) [1934-2000]
Claudio Rodríguez (Spain) [1934]
Kedarnath Singh (India/writes in Hindu) [1934]
George Stanley (b. USA/Canada) [1934]
Kerstin Thorék (Sweden) [1934]
Volker von Törne (Germany) [1934]
*John Wieners (USA) [1934-2002]
    Book 707 Scott Street: The Journal of John Wieners [PDF file/free]
    Essay “Between Visions” (on several Wieners works) by Douglas Messerli (with
      preface)     
    Essay "John Wieners' Birthday," by Jim Dunn
Itamar Ya’oz-Kest (b. Hungary/Israel) [1934]
Ahmad ‘Abd al-Mu’ti Hijazi (Egypt) [1935]
Nanni Balestrini (Italy) [1935]
    One of Awoonor’s last poems
László Bertók (Hungary) [1935]
Inger Christensen (Denmark) [1935-2009]
   Essay “The Danish ‘It’ Girl,” by Douglas Messerli
Heinz Czechowski (DDR/now Germany) [1935]
Claude Esteban (France) [1935]
Forugh Farrokhzad (Iran) [1935-1967]
Ion Gheorghie (Romania) [1935]
Zulfikar Ghose (Pakistan/England/USA) [1935]
John Giorno (USA) [1935]
Rolf Haufs (Germany) [1935]
Stratis Haviaras (Greece) [1935]
Mark Insingel (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1935]
Georg Johannesen (Norway) [1935]
Ronald Johnson (USA) [1935-1998]
Robert Kelly (USA) [1935]
Sarah Kirsch (DDR/Germany) [1935]
José Antonio Labordeta (Spain) [1935]
Claire Malroux (France) [1935]
Muhammad ‘Afifi Maţar (Egypt) [1935]
Christoph Meckel (Germany) [1935]
Karl Mikel (DDR/now Germany) [1935]
Helga M. Novak (DDR/now Germany/Iceland/lives Poland) [1935]
Halina Poswiatowska (Poland) [1935-1967]
*Antonio Porta (Italy) [1935-1989]
Ali Püsküllüoğlu (Turkey) [1935]
Rendra [W. S. Rendra] (Indonesia) [1935-2009]
Shin Kyŏng-Nin (Korea) [1935]
Ljubomir Simović (Serbia) [1935]
Jorge Teillier (Chile) [1935-1996]
Tomioka Taeko (Japan) [1935]
Willem van Toorn (Netherlands) [1935]
Radoslav Vojvodić (Yugoslavia) [1935]
Rosmarie Waldrop (b. Germany/USA) [1935]
Gösta Ågren (Finland) [1936]
Taner Baybars (Cyprus/England) [1936]
Ori Bernstein (Israel) [1936]
Wolf Biermann (DDR/now Germany) [1936]
Gerald Bisinger (Austria) [1936]
Joseph Miezan Bognin (Ivory Coast) [1936]
Ferruccio Brugnaro (Italy) [1936]
Georges Castera (Haiti) [1936]
Saqi Farooqi (Pakistan/writes in Urdu and English) [1936]
Frankétienne [Franck Étienne] (Haiti) [1936]
Lars Gustafsson (Sweden) [1936]
Özdemir İnce (Turkey) [1936]
Kenneth Irby (USA) [1936]
C. O. Jellema (Netherlands) [1936]
Roland Jooris (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1936]
Ismail Kadare (Albania) [1936]
Väjnö Kristinä (Finland) [1936]
Aleksandr Kushner (Russia) [1936]
Onat Kutlar (Turkey) [1936-1995]
Lyubomir Levchev (Bulgaria) [1936]
Dacia Maraini (Italy) [1936]
Marcelijus Martinaitis (Lithuania) [1936]
Mohammed Meimouni (Morocco) [1936]
Anatoly Naiman (USSR/now Russia) [1936]
Ottó Orbán (Hungary) [1936]
Alejandra Pizarnick (Argentina/France) [1936-1972]
J. H. Prynne (England) [1936]
Dahlia Ravikovitch (b. Mandatory Palestine/Israel) [1936-2005]
K. Schippers (Netherlands) [1936]
Shin Kyŏngnim (Korea) [1936]
Marin Sorescu (Romania) [1936]
Nikos Stangos (Greece) [1936]
Anne-Marie Albiach (France) [1937-2012]
   short obituary on Albiach by Charles Bernstein
   “In Memory of Anne-Marie Albiach 1937-2012 by Robin Tremblay-McGraw
Claes Andersson (Finland) [1937]
Unsi al-Haj (Lebanon) [1937]
Bai Qiu (China) [1937]
Kurt Bartsch (DDR/now Germany] [1937]
J. Bernlef [Henk Marsman] (Netherlands) [1937]
Chris Bezzel (Germany) [1937]
Nicolas Born (Germany) [1957-1979]
Arnold de Vos (b. Netherlands/Italy) [1937]
Kathleen Fraser (USA) [1937]
Robin Fulton (England/lives Norway) [1937]
Ivan Gadjanski (Serbia) [1937]
Félix Grande (Spain) [1937]
Susan Howe (USA) [1937]
   Review “Keeping History a Secret” (on early Howe books) by Douglas
   Messerli
Jolanda Insana (Italy) [1937]
Krzystof Kerasek (Poland) [1937]
Serge Legagneur (Haiti) [1937]
Jean Métellus (Haiti) [1937]
Yunna Morits (Russia) [1937]
Vijaya Mukhopadhyay (India) [1937]
Toby Olson (USA) [1937]
Jean Orizet (France) [1937]
Lily Flores Palomino (Peru/writes in Quechua) [1937]
Michalis Papenicolaou (Greece) [1937]
John Perreault (USA) [1937]
Tom Phillips (England) [1937]
Pentti Saarikoski (Finland) [1937-1983]
Jutta Schutting (Austria) [1937]
Takahashi Matsuo (Japan) [1937] 
*Susana Thénon (Argentina) [1937-1990]
    Book Distancias [PDF file]
Judita Vaičiūnaitė (Lithuania) [1937]
Tomas Venclova (Lithuania) [1937]
Mikhail Yeryomin (USSR / now Russia) [1937]
Francisco Alvim (Brazil) [1938]
Nic van Bruggen (Belgium) [1938]
Günter Brus (Austria) [1938]
Chŏng Hyŏnjong (Korea) [1938-1991]
Elke Erb (DDR/ now Germany) [1938]
Dominique Fourcade (France) [1938]
Gösta Friberg (Sweden) [1938]
Oscar Hahn (Chile) [1938]
Fiama Hasse de Pais Brandão (Portugal) [1938-2007]
Hwang Tonggyu (Korea) [1938]
Esmail Khoi (Iran) [1938]
Torgny Lindgren (Sweden) [1938]
Kito Lorenc (DDR/now Germany/writes in Sorbic) [1938]
Dom Moraes (India) [1938-2004]
Eva Mylona (Greece) [1938]
Peter Ortman (Sweden) [1938]
*Tom Raworth (England) [1938]
Ajip Rosidi (Indonesia) [1938]
*Azem Shkreli (Yugoslavia/Kosova) [1938-1997]
  Review-essay “The Unshackling of Albanian Poetry” by John Taylor
Dezső Tandori (Hungary) [1938]
Jean-Baptiste Tati-Loutard (Congo) [1938]
H. C. ten Berge (Netherlands) [1938]
George Thaniel (Greece) [1938-1991]
Gabrielle Althen (France) [1939]
Katerina Angelaki-Rooke (Greece) [1939]
Leonid Aranzon (USSR/Russia) [1939-1970]
Tobias Berggren (Sweden) [1939]
Bill Berkson (USA) [1939]
Volker Braun (DDR/now Germany) [1939]
Beat Brechbüh (Switzerland) [1939]
Nanni Cagnone (Italy) [1939]

Chonggi Mah (Korea) [1939]

Malay Roy Choundhary (Hungary) [1939]
*Clark Coolidge (USA) [1939]
   Book Rova Improvisations [PDF file]
   Book Solution Passage: Poems 1978-1981 [PDF file]
   Essay “Trying to Leave” (on Coolidge in the USSR) by Douglas Messerli
Wystan Curnow (New Zealand) [1939]
Jacques Darras (France) [1939]
Luisa Futoransky (Argentina) [1939]
Hermann Gail (Austria) [1939]
Bogomil Gjuzel (Yugoslavia/Macedonia) [1939]
Jacques Hamelink (Netherlands) [1939]
Lee Harwood (England) [1939]
Jóhann Hjálmarsson [Iceland] [1939]
Alain Lance (France) [1939]
Rakel Liehu (Finland) [1939]
Frank Lima (USA) [1939]
Luiza Neto Jorge (Portugal/lived France) [1939-1989]
José Emilio Pacheco (Mexico) [1939]
Giovanni Quessap (Columbia) [1939]
Aharon Shabtai (Mandatory Palestine/Israel) [1939]
Göran Sonnevi (Sweden) [1939]
Sirkka Turkka (Finland) [1933]
Quincy Troupe (USA) [1939]
Liesl Ujvary (Czechoslavakia/Austria) [1939]
Hans Verhagen (Netherlands) [1939]
Jan Erik Vold (Norway) [1939]
Elisabeth Wandeler-Deck (Switzerland) [1939]
Peter Paul Wiplinger (Austria) [1939]
Yoshimasu Gōzō (Japan) [1939]
Vito Acconci (USA) [1940]
Fadhil Al-Azzawi (Iraq) [1940]
Homero Aridjis (Mexico) [1940]
Kari Aronpuro (Finland) [1940]
Luigi Ballerini (Italy/lives USA) [1940]
Birgitta Boucht (Finland/writes in Swedish) [1940]
Rof Dieter Brinkmann (Germany) [1940-1975]
Tobias Berggren (Sweden) [1940]
Jacques Crickillon (Belgium) [1940]
Māris Čaklais (Latvia) [1940]
César Calvo (Peru) [1940]
Danielle Collobert (France) [1940-1978]
Harald Gerlach (Germany) [1940]
Katerina Gogou (Greece) [1940-1993]
Niko Grafenauer (Slovenia) [1940]
Kyríákos Haralambídis (Greece) [1940]
Gunnar Harding (Sweden) [1940]
Emmanuel Hocquard (France) [1940]
Bernd Jentzsch (DDR/now Germany) [1940]
Adil Jussawalla (India/writes in English) [1940]
Kawata Ayane (China) [1940]
Osvaldo Lamborghini (Argentina) [1940]
Ileana Mălăncioiu (Romania) [1940]
Jan Östergren (Sweden) [1940]
Yamba Ouloguem (Mali) [1940]
Heidi Pataki (Austria) [1940]
Dimitry Prigov (USSR / now Russia) [1940]
Thamnaret (Laos) [c 1940]
Ottó Tolnai (b. Yugoslavia/Hungary) [1940]
Robert Yeo (b. Malaya/Singapore) [1940]
(5) Martha Ronk (USA) [1940]
Elly de Waard (Netherlands) [1940]
Yang Mu (Taiwan) [1940]
Xiong Hong [Hu Meizi] (Taiwan) [1940]
Elolongue Epanya Yondo (Cameroon) [1940]
Ioan Alexandru (Romania) [1941]
Aziz al-Samawi (Iraq) [1941]
Anthony Barnett (England) [1941]
Antonín Brousek (Czechslovakia/now Czech Republic) [1941]
Anna Cascella (Italy) [1941]
Tom Clark (USA) [1941]
Jean Daive (France) [1941]
Mahmād Darwīsh (Palestine) [1941-2008]
Jean-Claude Fignolé (Haiti) [1941]
Barbara Frischmuth (Austria) [1941]
Dick Gallup (USA) [1941]
Melisa Gürpinar (Turkey) [1941]
Michelle Grangaud (France) [1941]
Hedva Harechavi (Madatory Palestine/Israel) [1941]
*Lyn Hejinian (USA) [1941]
   Book My Life [PDF file]
Luis Hernández (Peru) [1941-1977]
Wolfgang Hilbig (Germany) [1941-2007]
Rodolfo Hinostroza (Peru) [1941]
Wim Hofman (Netherlands) [1941]
Svetlana Hristova-Jocić (Macedonia) [1941]
Jaan Kaplinski (Estonia) [1941]
Chiha Kim (Korea) [1941]
Claude Mouchard (France) [1941]
Charles North (USA) [1941]
Jyrki Pellinen (Finland) [1941]
Carter Ratcliff (USA) [1941]
Joan Retallack (USA) [1941]
Claude Royet-Journoud (France) [1941]
Tomaž Šalamun (Slovenia [b.Croatia]) [1941]
Pentti Saaritsa (Finland) [1941]
*Adriano Spatola (Italy) [1941-1988]
   Essay “Investigative Procedures: Publishing Spatola,” by Douglas Messerli
Mario Suško (Croatia) [1941]
Toon Tellegen (Netherlands) [1941]
Günter Unger (Austria) [1941]
Stefaan van den Brent (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1941]
Guntram Vesper (DDR/now Germany) [1941]
Tom Veitch (USA) [1941]
Guntram Vesper (DDR/Germany) [1941]
Nurit Zarch (Mandatory Palestine/Israel) [1941]
Mariella Bettarini (Italy) [1942]
Ana Blandiana (Romania) [1942]
James Brodey (USA) [1942]
Antonio Cisneros (Peru) [1942]
Visant Abaji Dahake (India/writes in Marathi) [1942]
Anne Duden (Germany) [1942]
Fujii Sadakazu (Japan) [1942]
Vasco Graça Moura (Portugal) [1942]
Ted Greenwald (USA) [1942]
     Essay “The Rhythms of the ‘Language’ Poets” (on Charles Bernstein and Ted  
        Greenwald) by Douglas Messerli
Peter Handke (Austria) [1942]
Javier Héraud (Peru) [1942-1963]
Katalin Ladik (b. Yugoslavia/Hungary) [1942]
(9) Peter Laugesen (Denmark) [1942]
Ann Lauterbach (USA) [1942]
Egidio Molinas Leira (Paraguay/Italy) [1942]
Marco Martos (Peru) [1942]
Hugo Mujica (Argentina) [1942]
Paul-Eerik Rummo (Estonia) [1942]
Nick Piombino (USA) [1942]
Ali Podrimja (Albania) [1942]
Dine Petrik (Germany) [1942]
Peter Schjeldahl (USA) [1942]
Geoffrey Squires (Ireland/England) [1942]
Alain Veinstein (France) [1942]
Eddy van Vliet (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1942-2002]
Tom Weatherly (USA) [1942-2014]
Risto Ahti (Finland) [1943]
Nicole Brossard (Canada/writes in French) [1943]
Michael Brownstein (USA) [1943]
*Chang Ts’o [Dominic Cheung] (Taiwan/lives USA) [1943]
Argyris Chionis (Greece) [1943]
Ray DiPalma (USA) [1943]
Luigi Fontanella (Italy) [1943]
Sigitas Geda (Lithuania) [1943]
Hsi Muren [see Xi Murong]
Peter Henisch (Austria) [1943]
Im Yŏngjo (Korea) [1943]
Leslie Kaplan (b. USA/France) [1943]
Yánnis Kontós (Greece) [1943]
Michael Krüger (Germany) [1943]
Árni Larsson (Iceland) [1943]
Hannu Mäkelä (Finland) [1943]
Miguel Martinón (Canary Islands) [1943]
Nguyễn Khoa Điễm (Viet Nam) [1943]
Mostafa Nissabouri (Morocco) [1943]
Lars Norén (Sweden) [1943]
Imre Oravecz (Hungary) [1943]
Maureen Owen (USA) [1943]
Justo Jorge Padrón (Canary Islands) [1943]
Michael Palmer (USA) [1943]
György Petri (Hungary) [1943-2000]
Ángel Sánchez (Canary Islands) [1943]
Youcef Sebti (Algeria) [1943]
Eira Stenberg (Finland) [1943]
Borben Vladović (Croatia) [1943]
*Xi Murong (Hsi Muren) (b. China/Taiwan) [1943]
Ioanna Zervou (Greece) [1943]
António Franco Alexandre (Portugal) [1944]
Zsófia Balla (b. Romania/Hungary) [1944]
Dario Bellezza (Italy) [1944-1996]
Tahar Ben Jelloun (Morocco) [1944]
J. Karl Bogartte (USA) [1944]
Predrag Bogdanović Ci (Serbia) [1944]
Michael Davidson (USA) [1944]
J. A. Deelder (Netherlands) [1944]
Moma Dimić (Yugoslavia/now Serbia and Montenegro) [1944]
Péter Dobai (Hungary) [1944]
Henri Droguet (France) [1944]
Jörg Fauser (Germany) [1944-1987]
Christoph Hein (Germany) [1944]
Hannu Helin (Finland) [1944]
Franz Hodjak (Romania/Germany) [1944]
Gerrit Komrij (Netherlands) [1944]
Viktor Krivulin (USSR / now Russia) [1944]
K. Curtis Lyle (USA) [1944]
Duda Machado (Brazil) [1944]
Nitin Mehta (India/writes in Gujarti) [1944]
Michail Mitras (Greece) [1944]
Nancy Morejón (Cuba) [1944]
Torquato Neto (Brazil) [1944]
bpNichol (Canada) [1944-1988]
Lars Norén (Sweden) [1944]
Ernst Nowak (Austria) [1944]
Heleno Oliveira (Brazil/Italy) [1944]
Kees Ouwens (Netherlands) [1944-2004]
Lefteris Poulios (Greece) [1944]
Armando Romero (Columbia) [1944]
André Roy (Canada/writes in French) [1944]
Waly Salomão (Brazil) [1944-2003]
*Leslie Scalapino (USA) [1944-2010]
Dino Siotis (Greece) [1944]
Staffan Söderblom (Sweden) [1944]
Sergey Stratanovsky (USSR / now Russia) [1944]
Johann P. Tammen (Netherlands/Germany] [1944]
Hans Tentije (Netherlands) [1944]
Jürgen Theobaldy (Germany) [1944]
Lorenzo Thomas (b. Panama/USA] [1944-2005]
Galsan Tschinag [Irgit Shynykbai-oglu Dshurukuwaa] (Mongolia) [1944]
Peter Turrini (Austria) [1944]
Paulina Vinderman (Argentina) [1944]
Paul Violi (USA) [1944]
Lewis Warsh (USA) [1944]
Marjorie Welish (USA) [1944]
Wen Jianliu (Taiwan) [1944-1976]
Ý Nhí (Viet Nam) [1944]
Ad Zuiderent (Netherlands) [1944]
Peter Zumpf (Austria) [1944]
Ilse Brem (Austria) [1945]
Maurizio Cucchi (Italy) [1945]
Denis Desautels (Canada/writes in French) [1945]
Anna Enquist (Netherlands) [1945]
Rainer Maria Fassbinder (Germany) [1945-1972]
Ákos Fodor (Hungary) [1945]
Pere Gimferrer (Spain) [1945]
John Godfrey (USA) [1945]
    Essay-review “Pretending Swagger” (on Godfrey’s City of Corners) by Douglas
      Messerli
Manuel Gusmão (Portugal) [1945]
Kang Ŭn’gyo (Korea) [1945]
Hédi Kaddour (Tunisia/France) [1945]
Irén Kiss (Hungary) [1945]
Frank Koenegracht (Netherlands) [1945]
Mohomed Loakira (Morocco) [1945]
Paulo Leminski (Brazil) [1945-1989]
Ewa Lipska (Poland) [1945]
Bernadette Mayer (USA) [1945]
    Essay-review “Anatomy of Self,” by Douglas Messerli
Barbara Maloutas (USA) [1945]
Martin Nakell (USA) [1945]
Rajo Petrov Nogo (Serbia) [1945]
*Henrik Nordbrandt (Denmark) [1945]
Alice Notley (USA) [1945]
Athiná Papadaki (Greece) [1945]
Pradodh Parikh (India/writes in Gujarti) [1945]
Reinhard Priessnitz (Austria) [1945]
Margarita Renberg (Sweden) [1945]
Aleksandr Thachenko (Russia) [1945]
Násos Vayenás (Greece) [1945]
André Velter (France) [1945]
Anne Waldman (USA) [1945]
Mac Wellman (USA) [1945]
   Poetry Three Egregious Errors
Terence Winch (USA) [1945]
Adam Zagajewski (Poland) [1945]
Nazih Abou-Afach (Syria) [1946]
*Demosthenes Agrafiotis (Greece) [1946]
   Book Writing Dimensions [PDF file]
Hazem Al-Azmeh (Syria) [1946]
Robert Anker (Netherlands) [1946]
Octavio Armand (Cuba) [1946]
Aicha Arnaout (Syria/Fance) [1946]
Stanisław Bazańczak (Poland) [1946]
William Cliff (Belgium) [1946]
Wanda Coleman (USA) [1946]
   Short memory of Coleman by Juan Felipe Herrera
Antonio Colinas (Spain) [1946]
*Arkadii Dragomoschenko (Russia) [1946-2012]
    Book Xenia [on PDF file]
    Essay “Lives of the Artists” (on being with Dragomoschenko in Leningrad) by    
Biancamaria Frabotta (Italy) [1946]
Lilianne Giraudon (France) [1946]
Natasa Hadzidaki (Greece) [1946]
Ulla Hahn (Germany) [1946]
Paul Hoover (USA) [1946]
William Hurtado de Mendoza (Peru/writes in Quechua) [1946]
Hester Kribbe (Netherlands) [1946]
Julian Kornhauser (Poland) [1946]
Vivian Lamarque (Italy) [1946]
Vivi Luik (Estonia) [1946]
Gérard Macé (France) [1946]
Nicole Malinconi (Belgium) [1946]
Marina (Rena Hadjidhaki) (Greece) [1946]
Abdelwahab Meddeb (Tunisia/France) [1946]
Debarati Mitra (India/writes in Bengali) [1946]
Ilma Rakusa (Switzerland) [1946]
Peter Reading (England) [1946]
Fahmida Riaz (Pakistan) [1946]
Peter Rosei (Austria) [1946]
Excilia Saldaña (Cuba) [1946-1999]
K. Satchidanandan (India/writes in Kerala) [1946]
Ron Silliman (USA) [1946]
José Watanabe (Peru) [1946]
   Essay “The Present’s Chronic Revision,” by Douglas Messerli
Mohammed Bentalha (Morocco) [1947]
Mei-mei Bersenbrugge (b. China / USA) [1947]
Patrizia Cavalli (Italy) [1947]
Eugenio De Signoribus (Italy) [1947]
Peter Finch (Wales) [1947]
Tua Forsström (Finland) [1947]
Rhea Galanaki (Greece) [1947]
Guy Goffette (Belgium/France) [1947]
Elena Ignatova (Russia) [1947]
Peter Inman (USA) [1947]
    Franck André Jammes (France) [1947]
Jacques Jouet (France) [1947]
Ursula Krechel (Germany) [1947]
Maria Laina (Greece) [1947]
Jarkko Laine (Finland) [1947]
Mirko Lauer (Peru) [1947]
Liz Lochhead (Scotland) [1947]
Nathaniel Mackey (USA) [1947]
Steve McCaffery (Canada/lives USA) [1947]
Zvonko Maković (Croatia) [1947]
*Douglas Messerli (USA) [1947]
    Book Dark [PDF file]
    Essay “Poetry and Perception” by Douglas Messerli
    Essay “Between: the Art of Collaboration,” by Douglas Messerli
    Interview with Douglas Messerli by Marjorie Perloff
    Essay “What Is to Be Done” (on the condition of poetry reviewing in the early 21st
       Century) by Douglas Messerli
    Essay “Giving Poetry ‘Back to People,’” by Douglas Messerli
    Interview “The Future of Poetry Publishing” by Jeffrey Slide with Douglas Messerli
    Introduction to The PIP Anthology of World Poetry, Volume 4, “American Values” by
        by Douglas Messerli
    Poem "The Stars Offer the Trees Their Confident Shade" by Douglas Messerli [link]
Agi Misho (b. Hungary/Israel) [1947]
Charles Mungoshi (Zimbabwe) [1947]
Leonard Nolens (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1947]
Rafael Patiñ (Columbia) [1947]
Yannis Patilis (Greece) [1947]
Sebastien Reichmann (Romania/France) [1947]
Lev Rubinshtein (Russia) [1947]
Said (b. Iran/Germany) [1947]
Abelardo Sánchez Léon (Peru) [1947]
David Shapiro (USA) [1947]
Aaron Shurin (USA) [1947]
Sony Labou Tansi (Zaire) [1947-1995]
Habib Tengour (Algeria) [1947]
Miloslav Tešić (Serbia and Montenegro) [1947]
Agim Vinca (Albania) [1947]
Hans Vlek (Netherlands) [1947]
Jacques Werup (Sweden) [1947]
Mikhail Aizenberg (USSR / now Russia ) [1948]
Urs Allemann (Switzerland) [1948]
Dvora Amir (Israel) [1948]
Bruce Andrews (USA) [1948]
   Essay-review “Wordscape Poets” (on works by Bernstein, Andrews, and Perelman)
       by Douglas Messerli
Eqrem Basha (Albania) [1948]
Claude Beausoleil (Canada/writes in French) [1948]
Ahmed Belbdaoui (Morocco) [1948]
Mohammed Bennis (Morocco) [1948]
Arie van den Berg (Netherlands) [1948-1986]
Rosita Copioli (Italy) [1948]
F. van Dixhoorn (Netherlands) [1948]
Eva Gerlach (Netherlands) [1948]
Dimitis Kalokyris (Greece) [1948]
Natasha Lako (Albania) [1948]
Raša Livada (Serbia) [1948]
Bardhyl Londo (Albania) [1948]
Ljubica Miletić (Serbia) [1948]
Jit Narain (Surinam/writes in Sarami) [1948]
Sigúrdur Pálsson (Iceland) [1948]
Pavlina Pampoudi (Greece) [1948]
*Stephen Ratcliffe (USA) [1948]
Elena Shvarts (USSR / now Russia) [1948]
Thangjam Ibopishak Singh (India/writes in Manipuri) [1948]
Piotr Sommer (Poland) [1948]
Milorad Stojević (Croatia) [1948]
Milko Valent (Croatia) [1948]
Juhan Viiding (Estonia) [1948]
Dušan Vukajlović (Serbia) [1948]
*Barrett Watten (USA) [1948]
Annie Zedek (France) [1948]
Ivan Zhadanov (USSR / now Russia) [1948]
Joseph Anouma (Ivory Coast) [1949]
Braulio Arenas (Chile) [1949]
Tatiana Bek (USSR / now Russia) [1949]
Bei Dao (China/lives Hong Kong) [1949]
Normand de Bellefeuille (Canada/writes in French) [1949]
Horacio Benavideo (Columia) [1949]
Steve Benson (USA) [1949]
Maria Efstathiadi (Greece) [1949]
Ivo Frbéžar (Slovenia) [1949]
Jean Chepdelaine Gagnon (Canada/writes in French) [1949]
Michael Gizzi (USA) [1949]
Pedro Guitérrez Revuelta (Spain) [1949]
Alan Halsey (England) [1949]
Tsjêbbe Hettinga (Netherlands) [1949]
Inagawa Masato (Japan) [1949]
Jiang He [Yu Youze] [1949]
Nuno Júdice (Portugal) [1949]
Péter Kánton (Hungary) [1949]
Gerhard Kofler (Austria) [1949-2005]
Lee Si-young (Korea) [1949]
    Book [PDF file] Lee Si-young's Patterns
Oleh Lysheha (Ukraine) [1949]
János Marno (Hungary) [1949]
Monzer Masri (Syria) [1949]
Jenny Mastoraki (Greece) [1949]
Eileen Myles (USA) [1949]
Andreas Pagoulatos (Greece) [1949]
Anne Portugal (France) [1949]
   Essay-review “At Point Zero” (on Portugal’s Nude) by Douglas Messerli
Nestor Perlongher (Argentina) [1949]
Olga Sedakova (USSR / now Russia) [1949]
Stephanos Stephanides (Cyprus) [1949]
Novica Tadić (Serbia) [1949]
Pierre Voélin (Switzerland) [1949]
Helmut Zenker (Austria) [1949]
Moikom Zeqo (Albania) [1949]
Charles Bernstein (USA) [1950]
   Book Dark City [PDF file/free]
   Book The Nude Formalism (with Susan Bee) [PDF file]
   Essay “Talking in Circles” (on Bernstein’s The Attack of the Difficult Poems) by    
 Douglas Messerli
   Essay-review “The Possibility of Rectitude” (on Bernstein’s Let’s Just Say) by
Douglas Messerli
   Essay “Making the Mind Whole” (on Bernstein’s Controlling Interests) by
Douglas Messerli
   Essay-review “Wordscape Poets” (on works by Bernstein, Andrews, and Perelman)
by Douglas Messerli
   Essay “The Rhythms of the ‘Language’ Poets” (on Charles Bernstein and Ted Greenwald) by Douglas Messerli
   Interview, "Nina Zivancevic's 1983 interview with Charles Bernstein and Douglas Messerli,
with a postscript by Messerli
Veroniki Dalakouri (Greece) [1950]
Tina Darragh (USA) [1950]
     Essay “Pat Nixon’s Cloth Coat” (on being with Darragh) by Douglas Messerli
Mircea Dinescu (Romania) [1950]
Aleksandr Eremenko (Russia) [1950]
Elvira Hernandez (Chile) [1950]
Hiraide Takashi (Japan) [1950]
Walidl Khazindar (Palestine) [1950]
Mang Ke (China) [1950]
Michèle Métail (France) [1950]
Bratislav Milanović (Serbia) [1950]
A. L. Nielsen (USA) [1950]
Jean Portante (Luxembourg/France) [1950]
Meredith Quartermain (Canada) [1950]
Zsuzsa Rakovszky (Hungary) [1950]
Martin Reints (Netherlands) [1950]
Gabriella Sica (Italy) [1950]
Michael Speier (Germany) [1950]
Enrique Verástegui (Peru) [1950]
Jean-Luc Wauthier (Belgium) [1950]
Raúl Zurita (Chile) [1950]
Ralph Angel (USA) [1951]
Bernardo Atxaga (Joseba Irazu Garmendia) (Spain) [1951]
Faraj Bayraqdar (Syria) [1951]
Alberto Blanco (Mexico) [1951]
Tahar Bekri (Tunisia) [1951]
Coral Bracho (Mexico) [1951]
Milo De Angelis (Italy) [1951]
Jean-Marc Desgent (Canada/writes in French) [1951]
Duo Duo (Li Shizheng) (China) [1951]
Júlio Castañon Guimarães (Brazil) [1951]
Alamgir Hasmi (Pakistan) [1951]
Stefan Hertmans (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1951]
Ashfaq Hussain (Pakistan) [1951]
Nina Iskrenko (USSR / now Russia) [1951-1995]
Patricia Jones Spears (USA) [1951]
Svetlana Kekova (USSR / now Russia) [1951]
Endre Kukorelly (Hungary) [1951]
Kata Kularkova (Macedonia) [1951]
Li Gang (China) [1951]
Rachida Madani (Morocco) [1951]
Mang Ke (Jiang Shiwei) (China) [1951]
Marianne Larsen (Denmark) [1951]
Yorgos Markópoulos (Greece) [1951]
*Sheila E. Murphy (USA) [1951]
María Negroni (Argentina) [1951]
Maggie O’Sullivan (England) [1951]
Willem Jan Otten (Netherlands) [1951]
Lidia Amalia Palazzolo (Argentina/Italy) [1951]
Mirta Rosenberg (Argentina) [1951]
Michael Rothenberg (USA) [1951]
Hélène Sanguinetti (France) [1951]
Ronny Someck (b. Iraq/Israel) [1951]
Fiona Templeton (b. Scotland/USA) [1951]
Raúl Zarita (Chile) [1951]
Gerald Zschorsch (Germany) [1951]
Medhi Akhrif (Morocco) [1952]
Károly Bari (Hungary) [1952]
Enis Batur (Turkey) [1952]
Ana Cristina Cesar (Brazil) [1952-1983]
Maxine Chernoff (USA) [1952]
Pura López Colomé (Mexico) [1952]
Franz Josef Czernin (Austria) [1952]
Stig Dalager (Denmark) [1952]
Nichita Danilov (Romania) [1952]
Esther Dischereit (Germany) [1952]
Charles Ducal [Frans Dumortier] (Beligum/writes in Dutch) [1952]
Sergey Gandlevsky (USSR / now Russia) [1952]
Hwang Jiwoo (Korea) [1952]
Adrianna Ierodiaconou (Greece) [1952]
Hanif Janabi (Iraq) 1952
   Essay-review “Between Gesticulation and Thought” (on Janabi’s Questions of Retinue)
      by Douglas Messerli
Kama Kamanda (The Congo/now Zaire) [1952]
Waqas Ahmad Khwaja (Pakistan) [1952]
Antjie Krog (South Africa) [1952]
Ndjock Ngana Ygo Ndjock (Cameroon/Italy) [1952]
Kim Sŭnghŭi (Korea) [1952]
Joke van Leeuwen (Netherlands) [1952]
Ivana Milankova (Serbia) [1952]
Grzegorz Musiał (Poland) [1952]
Antoni Pawlak (Poland) [1952]
Jorge Santiago Peradnik (Argentina) [1952-2011]
Frances Presley (England) [1952]
Lutz Rathenow (DDR/now Germany) [1952]
*Reina María Rodríguez (Cuba) [1952]
Andrés Sáchez Roboyna (Canary Islands) [1952]
Amina Saïd (Tunisia/France) [1952]
Blanca Strepponi (Veneuzuela) [1952]
Pia Tafdrup (Denmark) [1952]
Shu Ting [Gong Peiyu] (China) [1952]
Miriam Van hee (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1952]
Richard Wagner (b. Romania/Germany) [1952]
*Visar Zhiti (Albania) [1952]
   Review-essay “The Unshackling of Albanian Poetry” by John Taylor
Atsuko Nagami (Japan) [1953-1985]
*Thérèse Bachand (USA) [1953]
Lenora de Barros (Brazil) [1953]
Roberto Bolaño (Chile) [1953-2003]
*Chen I-chih (Taiwan) [1953]
Elaine Equi (USA) [1953]
Kinga Fabó (Hungary) [1953]
Adónis Fostiéris (Greece) [1953]
Katarina Frostenson (Sweden) [1953]
Kim Soo-bok (Korea) [1953]
Luuk Grunwez (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1953]
Christian Ide Hintze (Austria) [1953-2012]
Thea Laitef (Iraq/Italy) [1953]
Bonisław Maj (Poland) [1953]
Salman Masalha (Israel) [1953]
Harryette Mullen (USA) [1953]
Lajos Parti Nagy (Hungary) [1953]
Tonnus Oosterhoff (Netherlands) [1953]
Ralf Rothmann (Germany) [1953]
Erse Soteropoulou (Greece) [1953]
David Levi Straus (USA) [1953]
Edvin Sugarev (Bulgaria) [1953]
Sabine Techel (Germany) [1953]
Manuel Ulacia (Mexico) [1953-2001]
Patrizia Valduga (Italy) [1953]
John Wilkinson (England) [1953]
George Albon (USA) [1954]
Zoran Ančevski (Macedona) [1954]
Yuri Arabov (USSR / now Russia) [1954]
Elma van Aren (Netherlands) [1954]
Carlos Ávila (Brazil) [1954]
Ella Bat-Tsion (Israel) [1954]
Béla Bodor (Hungary) [1954]
Miguel Casado (Spain) [1954]
José Carlos Cataño (Canary Islands) [1954]
Vera Čejkovska (Macedonia) [1954]
Horácio Costa (Brazil) [1954]
Tahar Djaout (Algeria) [1954-1993]
Sylviane Dupius (Switzerland) [1954]
Fang Eghen (Malaysia/Taiwan) [1954]
Gőyőz Ferencz (Hungary) [1954]
Joy Goswami (India/writes in Bengali) [1954]
John Latta (USA) [1954]
Yves di Manno (France) [1954]
Hassan Al Nassar (Iraq/Italy) [1954]
Lyubomir Nikolov (Bulgaria) [1954]
Ysabel Novillo (Venezuela) [1954]
Alexei Parshchikov (USSR / now Russia) [1954]
Irina Ratushinskaya (USSR / now Russia) [1954]
Elisabeth Rynell (Sweden) [1954]
Tatiana Shcherbina (USSR / now Russia) [1954]
Hans Thill (Germany) [1954]
Aleksandr Tkachenko (USSR / now Russia) [1954]
Pasquale Verdicchio (b. Italy/USA) [1954]
Anka Zagar (Croatia) [1954]
Tibor Zalán (Hungary) [1954]
Kurt Aebli (Switzerland) [1955]
Antonella Amedda (Italy) [1955]
Edda Armas (Venezuela) [1955]
*Régis Bonvicino (Brazil) [1955]
   Essay “The Professor of Everything and the Professor of Nothing” (on Bonvicino in
     São Paulo) (with note)
Magda Cârneci (Romania) [1955]
Bo Green Jensen (Denmark) [1955]
Eva Jensen (Norway) [1955]
Ahmet Güntan (Turkey) [1955]
Hirata Toshiko (Japan) [1955]
Ann Jäderlund (Sweden) [1955]
Kim Hyesun (Korea) [1955]
Ito Hiromi (Japan) [1955]
Mark Insingel (Beligum/writes in Dutch) [1955]
Andrew Joron (USA) [1955]
Jayant Kaikini (India/writes in Kannada) [1955]
Stig Larsson (Sweden) [1955]
Sabine Macher (b. Germany/France) [1955]
Julián Malatesta (Columbia) [1955]
Julio Monteiro Martins (Brazil/Italy) [1955]
Lui Zhicheng (Taiwan) [1955]
Erin Mouré (Canada) [1955]
Brigitte Oleschinski (Germany) [1955]
Chus Pato (María Xesús Pato Díaz) (Spain) [1955]
Olivier Salon (France) [1955]
Robert Sheppard (England) [1955]
*Cole Swensen (USA) [1955]
    Reading at Brown University 10/8/13 [link]
Veronica Volknow (Mexico) [1955]
Wang Xiaoni (China) [1955]
Mubarak Wassat (Morocco) [1955]
*Yang Lian (China [b. Switzerland]/China/New Zealand] [1955]
María Auxiliadora Alvarez (Venezuela) [1956]
Jan Baeke (Netherlands) [1956]
Attila Balogh (Hungary) [1956]
Maréad Byrnne (Ireland/USA] [1957]
Todd Baron (USA) [1956]
Haydar Ergülen (Turkey) [1956]
Rajendra Ghandari (India/writes in Nepali) [1956]
*Olivier Cadiot (France) [1956]
Kelvin Corcoran (England) [1956]
Michael Donhauser (Austria) [1956]
Arjen Duinker (Netherlands) [1956]
László Garaczi (Hungary) [1956]
Gu Cheng (China) [1956-1993]
Ha Jin (China) [1956]
Tomás Harris (Chile) [1956]
Jiao Tong (Taiwan) [1956]
Laus Lynggaard (Denmark) [1956]
Marianna Marin (Romania) [1956]
*Deborah Meadows (USA) [1956]
Arto Melleri (Finland) [1956]
Hala Mohammad (Syria) [1956]
Rusty Morrison (USA) [1956]
Lale Müldür (Turkey) [1956]
Amir Or (Israel) [1956]
Bert Papenfuss (b. East Germany/now Germany) [1956]
Jean-Baptiste Para (France) [1956]
Park Kyong-Mi (Korea/Japan) [1956]
Karen Press (South Africa) [1956]
Tahar Riyadh (Jordan) [1956]
Mark Salerno (USA) [1956]
María Sanz (Spain) [1956]
Ian Seed (England) [1956]
Božidar Stanišić (Bosnia/Italy) [1956]
Søren Ulrik Thomsen (Denmark) [1956]
Jotie T’Hofft (Belgium) [1956-1977]
Mark van Tongele (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1956]
Carlos Vásquez (Columbia) [1956]
Peter Waterhouse (Germany/Austria) [1956]
Mario Wirz (Germany) [1956]
Xia Yu [Tong Dalong] (Taiwan) [1956]
Josely Vianna Baptista (Brazil) [1957]
Ulrich Johannes Beil (Germany) [1957]
Jan Baetens (Belgium) [1957]
Alessando Cenci (Italy) [1957]
Chou Ping (China) [1957]
Adam Fehti (Tunisia) [1957]
Patrizia Gattaceca (France) [1957]
Gëzim Hajdari (Albania/Italy) [1957]
Pap Khouma (Senegal/Italy) [1957]
Myung Mi Kim (USA) [1957]
    Review of Myung Mi Kim's Penury by John Herbert Cunningham
Thomas Kling (Germany) [1957-2005]
Uwe Kolbe (DDR/now Germany) [1957]
Valeria Magrelli (Italy) [1957]
Patricia de Martelaere (Belgium) [1957]
Jürgen Nendza (Germany) [1957]
Pak Nohae (Korea) [1957]
Pascal Nottet (Belgium) [1957]
Fabio Pusterla (Switzerland) [1957]
Manuel Rivas (Spain) [1957]
Hansjörg Schertenleich (Switzerland) [1957]
Tran Tien Dung (Viet Nam) [1957]
Nina Zivanćević (Serbia/lives France) [1957]
Haris Vlavianós (Greece) [1957]
Nelson Ascher (Brazil) [1958]
   Essay “The Professor of Everything and the Professor of Nothing” (on Ascher in São
      Paulo) (with note)
Pieter Boskma (Netherlands) [1958]
Age de Carvalho (Brazil/lives Austria) [1958]
Ariane Dreyfus (France) [1958]
Vladimir Druk (Russia) [1958]
Janko Ferk (Slovenia) [1958]
Luis García Montero (Spain) [1958]
Piet Gerbrandy (Netherlands) [1958]
Esther Jansma (Netherlands) [1958]
Abdullah Konushevci (Albania) [1958]
Tom Lanoye (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1958]
Pascalle Monnier (France) [1958]
Laura Mullen (USA) [1958]
Charl-Pierre Naudé (South Africa) [1958]
Susan Schultz (USA) [1958]
Anne Vegter (Netherlands) [1958]
Robert Fitterman (USA) [1959]
Peter Gizzi (USA) [1959]
Tamir Greenberg (Israel) [1959]
   Essay “Journey to the House of Shaws” (on Kinloch’s My Father’s House) by Douglas
    Messerli
Barbara Köhler (Germany) [1959]
Erik Menkveld (Netherlands) [1959]
Emmanuel Moses (Morocco/France) [1959]
Hassan Najmi (Morocco) [1959]
Lauri Otonkoski (Finland) [1959]
András Petőcz (Hungary) [1959]
Satu Salminiitty (Finland) [1959]
Song Chanho (Korea) [1959]
Andrej Sosnowski (Poland) [1959]
Leo Tuor (Switzerland/writes in Sursilvan) [1959]
Mustafa Ziyalan (Turkey) [1959]
Eugenijus Ališanka (Lithuania) [1960]
Arnaldo Antunes (Brazil) [1960]
Daniel Bănulescu (Romania) [1960]
Ahmed Barakat (Morocco) [1960-1994]
Felipe Benítez Reyes (Spain) [1960]
Guy Bennett (USA) [1960]
Angela de Campos (Brazil) [1960]
Eduardo Chirinos (Peru) [1960]
Connie Deanovich (USA) [1960]
Christopher Davis (USA) [1960]
*Dieter M. Gräf (Germany) [1960]
Bruno Grégoire (France) [1960]
H. L. Hix (USA) [1960]
Peter Holvoet-Hanssen (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1960]
Ilya Kutik (b. Ukraine / Russia) [1960]
Wafaa Lamrani (Morocco) [1960]
Boiko Lambovski (Bulgaria) [1960]
Adília Lopes (Portugal) [1960]
Hélène Monette (Canada/writes in French) [1960]
Ian Monk (England) [1960]
Hrvoje Pejankovic (Croatia) [1960]
Lysandros Pitharas (Cyprus) [1960-1992]
Olga Popova (USSR / now Russia) [1960]
Delimir Rešicki (Croatia) [1960]
*Joe Ross (USA) [1960]
    Book Wordlick [PDF file]
Erik Spinoy (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1960]
Wilfried Steiner (Austria) [1960]
Peter Theunynck (Belgium) [1960]
Dirk van Bastelaere (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1960]
Anamika (India/writes in Hindi) [1961]
Martine Audet (Canada/writes in French) [1961]
Carlito Azevedo (Brazil) [1961]
Federico Tavares Bastos Barbosa (Brazil) [1961]
Aleš Debeljak (Slovenia) [1961]
Anne Feddema (Netherlands) [1961]
Mohammed Fouad (Syria) [1961]
Alojz Ihan (Slovenia) [1961]
István Kemény (Hungary) [1961]
Zohra Mansouri (Morocco) [1961]
José Antonio Mazzotti (Peru) [1961]
Jorge Palma (Uruguay) [1961]
Christopher Reiner (USA) [1961]
Lisa Robertson (Canada/lives France) [1961]
Elizabeth Robinson (USA) [1961]
Zafer Şenocak (b. Turkey/Germany) [1961]
Marcin Świetlicki (Poland) [1961]
Elizabeth Willis (USA) [1961]
Nachoem M. Wijnberg (Netherlands) [1961]
Anna Aguilar-Amat (Spain) [1962]
Annemette Kure Andersen (Denmark) [1962]
Radu Andriescu (Romania) [1962]
Sami Baydar (Turkey) [1962]
Finuala Dowling (South Africa) [1962]
Ulrike Draesner (Germany) [1962]
Seyhan Erözçelik (Turkey) [1962]
Juan Carlos Flores (Cuba) [1962]
Durs Grünbein (Germany) [1962]
Norbert Hummelt (Germany) [1962]
Karel Logist (Belgium) [1962]
Maran Masri (Syria) [1962]
Campbell McGrath (USA) [1962]
Rosano Rosi (Belgium) [1962]
Håkan Sandell (Sweden) [1962]
Sjón (Iceland) [1962]
Rod Smith (USA) [1962]
Tang Yaping (China) [1962]
Paulo Teixeiro (Mozambique) [1962]
Eugeniusz Tkaczyszyn-Dycki (Poland) [1962]
Sádor Tatár (Hungary) [1962]
Peter Verhelst (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1962]
Nathan Wasserman (Israel) [1962]
Mimoza Ahmeti (Albania) [1963]
Pierre Alferi (France) [1963]
Andreas Altmann (Germany) [1963]
Naja Marie Aidt (Denmark) [1963]
Ruxandra Cesereanu (Romania) [1963]
MTC Cronin (Australia) [1963]
Kristin Dimitrova (Bulgaria) [1963]
Linh Dinh (b. Vietnam/lives England) [1963]
*Oswald Egger (Austria) [1963]
Niels Frank (Denmark) [1963]
Frédérique Guétat-Liviani (France) [1963]
Abed Ismaïl (Syria) [1963]
Marzanna Kielar (Poland) [1963]
John Kinsella (Australia) [1963]
Birhan Keski (Turkey) [1963]
Krzysztof Koehler (Poland) [1963]
Gazmend Krasniqi (Albania) [1963]
Uche Nduka (Nigeria) [1963]
Mete Özel (Turkey) [1963]
Jacek Podsiadło (Poland) [1963]
Claudia Roquette-Pinto (Brazil) [1963]
Lutz Seiler (Germany) [1963]
Ulf Stolterfoht (Germany) [1963]
Jouni Tossaveinen (Finland) [1963]
Christian Uetz (Switzerland) [1963]
Henning Ahrens (Germany) [1964]
Szilárd Borbély (Hungary) [1964]
Ute Eisinger (Austria) [1964]
Emilian Galaicu-Păun (Moldova) [1964]
Nathalie Gassel (Belgium) [1964]
Küçük İskender (Turkey) [1964]
Margret Kreidl (Austria) [1964]
Michael Lentz (Germany) [1964]
Rob McKenzie (Scotland) [1964]
Drew Milne (Scotland) [1964]
Efrat Mishori (Israel) [1964]
Bart Moeyaert (Belgium) [1964]
Antônio Moura (Brazil) [1964]
Jennifer Moxley (USA) [1964]
Andreas Neeser (Switzerland) [1964]
Rasha Omran (Syria) [1964]
Sibila Petlevski (Croatia) [1964]
Lars Mikael Raatamaa (Sweden) [1964]
Martin Reiner (Czech Republic) [1964]
Davide Rondoni (Italy) [1964]
Raoul Schrott (Austria) [1964]
Barbara Serdakowski (b. Poland/Morocco/Canada/Italy) [1964]
Gali-Dana Singer (b. Russia/Israel) [1964]
Damir Šodan (Croatia) [1964]
Christophe Tarkos (France) [1964]
*Rodrigo Toscano (USA) [1964]
István Vörös (Hungary) [1964]
Anahid Baklu (Iran/Italy) [1965]
Marcel Beyer (Germany) [1965]
Zoran Bognar (Yugoslavia/now Serbia) [1965]
Jalal El Hakmaoui (Morocco) [1965]
Kirsten Hamman (Denmark) [1965]
Mark Kanak (USA) [1965]
Miroslav Kirin (Croatia) [1965]
Timothy Liu (USA) [1965]
José Tolentino Mendonça (Portugal) [1965]
Bart Meuleman (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1965]
Dunya Mikhail (Iraq/USA) [1965]
Spale Miro Stevanović (Bosnia/Italy) [1965]
Vincent Tholomé (Belgium) [1965]
Peer Wittenbols (Netherlands) [1965]
Dana Amir (Israel) [1966]
Rui Coias (Portugal) [1966]
Elizabeth Cross (USA) [1965]
Lukman Derky (Syria) [1966]
Kersten Flenter (Germany) [1966]
Katrine Marie Guldager (Denmark) [1966]
Sharon Haas (Israel) [1966]
Pilote le Hot (France) [1966]
*Hsu Hui-chih (Taiwan) [1966]
Jouni Inkala (Finland) [1966]
Inman Mersel (Egypt) [1966]
Pavel Pepperstein (Russia) [1966]
Belázs Simon (Hungary) [1966-2001]
Mahmoud Abdelghani (Morocco) [1967]
Kriszta Bódis (Hungary) [1967]
Pui Pires Cabra (Macedo de Cavaleiros) (Portugal) [1967]
Catherine Daly (USA) [1967]
Sarah Law (England) [1967]
Immanuel Mifsud (Malta) [1967]
Valérie Rouzeau (France) [1967]
Lyon Shternberg (Israel) [1967]
Ewa Sonnenberg (Poland) [1967]
Taguchi Inuo (Japan) [1967]
Achim Wagner (Germany) [1967]
Adam Wiedemann (Poland) [1967]
Christoph W. Bauer (Germany) [1968]
Paul Bogaert (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1968]
Franklin Bruno (USA) [1968]
Miles Champion (England) [1968]
Virág Erdös (Hungary) [1968]
Georgi Gospodinov (Bulgaria) [1968]
Mohammed Hmoudane (Morocco) [1968]
Janus Kodal (Denmark) [1968]
Francesco Levato (USA) [1968]
Erik Lindner (Netherlands) [1968]
Luljeta Lleshanaku (Albania) [1968]
Niels Lyngsø (Denmark) [1968]
Eugene Ostashevsky (b. USSR/USA) [1968]
Ilja Leonard Pfeijffer (Netherlands) [1968]
Niels Frank (Denmark) 1968
Giovanna Frene (Sandra Bortolazzo) (Italy) [1968]
Luís Quintais (b. Angola/Portugal) [1968]
Andrea Raos (Italy) [1968]
Abdel-Illah Salhi (Morocco) [1968]
Dariusz Suska (Poland) [1968]
Artur Szlosarek (Poland) [1968]
Tibor Vass (Hungary) [1968]
Daniel Bouchard (USA) [1969]
Gür Genç (Cyprus) [1969]
Marco Giovenale (Italy) [1969]
Matthais Göritz (Germany) [1969]
Joanna Klink (USA) [1969]
Elmar Kuiper (Netherlands) [1969]
Jan Lauwereyns (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1969]
Monika Rinck (Germany) [1969]
Gábor Schein (Hungary) [1969]
Albertina Soepboer (Netherlands) [1969]
Mark Boog (Netherlands) [1970]
Stephen Cope (USA) [1970]
Eva Cox (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1970]
Graham Foust (USA) [1970]
Kim Haeng-sook (South Korea) [1970]
Didem Madak (Turkey) [1970]
Ange Mlinko (USA) [1970]
Vincenzo Ostuni (Italy) [1970]
Laura Pugno (Italy) [1970]
Sabine Scho (Germany) [1971]
János Terey (Hungary) [1970]
Umar Timol (Mauritius/writes in French) [1970]
Kirmen Uribe (Spain) [1970]
Michele Zaffarno (Italy) [1970]
Péter Zilahy (Hungary) [1970]
Beert Buelens (Belgium) [1971]
Primož Čučnik (Slovenia) [1971]
Lidija Dimkovska (Macedonia) [1971]
Daniel Faria (Portugal) [1971-1999]
Tatjana Gromača (Croatia) [1971]
Hendrik Jackson (Germany) [1971]
János Lackfi (Hungary) [1971]
Aaron McCollough (USA) [1971]
George Murray (Canada) [1971]
Graham Nunn (Australia) [1971]
Marijana Radmilović (Croatia) [1971]
Standard Schaefer (USA) [1971]
Anna T. Szabő (Hungary) [1971]
Jan Wagner (Germany) [1971]
Allyssa Wolf (USA) [1971]
Shimon Adaf (Israel) [1972]
Lindita Arapi (Albania) [1972]
Caarle Coppens (Canada/writes in French) [1972]
Eva Corino (Germany) [1972]
Florinda Fusco (Italy) [1972]
Katy Lederer (USA) [1972]
Michael Riley (Australia) [1972]
Anne Shaw (USA) [1972]
Sébastien Smirou (France) [1972]
Parid Teferiçi (Albania) [1972]
Italo Testa (Italy) [1972]
Sarah Vap (USA) [1972]
Brian Blanchfield (USA) [1973]
Alessandro Broggi (Italy) [1973]
Romeo Çollaku (Albania) [1973]
Gerald Fiebig (Germany) [1973]
Andrej Khadarovich (Belarus) [1973]
Lisa Lubasch (USA) [1973]
Massimo Sannelli (Italy) [1973]
Ece Temelkuran (Turkey) [1973]
Anja Utler (Germany/lives Austria) [1973]
Ron Winkler (Germany) [1973]
Yin Lichuan (China) [1973]
Marcos Canteli (Spain) [1974]
Beatrix Haustein (b. DDR/Germany) [1974-2002]
Jiba Karabassi (Iran/lives London and Paris) [1974]
Matteo Lefèvre (Italy) [1974]
Matt Robinson (Canada) [1974]
Brian Teare (USA) [1974]
Raphael Urweider (Switzerland) [1974]
Sara Ventroni (Italy) [1974]
Serhiy Zhadan (Ukraine) [1974]
Francesca Genti (Italy) [1975]
Catherine Meng (USA) [1975]
Ethan Paquin (USA) [1975]
Gojan Radašinovič (Croatia) [1975]
Mariago Alexopoulou (Greece) [1976]
Ubex Cristina Ali Farah (Somalia/Italy) [1976]
Eva Kallio (Russia) [1976]
Levente Király (Hungary) [1976]
Aliona Karimova (Russia) [1976]
Els Moors (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1976]
Jan Röhnert (b. DDR/Germany) [1976]
Aki Salmela (Finland) [1976]
Daniel Falb (Germany) [1977]
Jeoroen Theunissen (Belgium/writes in Dutch) [1977]
Rob Stanton (England) [1977]
Steffen Popp (b. DDR/now Germany) [1978]
Balázs Szalinger (Hungary) [1978]
Viktar Žybul (Belarus) [1978]
Vlado Bulić (Croatia) [1979]
Kim Doré (Canada/writes in French) [1979]
Sieger M. Geertsma (Netherlands) [1979]
Ana Gorría (Spain) [1979]
Uljana Wolf (Germany) [1979]
Lucía Estrada (Columbia) [1980]
Robert Fernandez (USA) [1980]
Kuba Mokrosinski (Poland/England) [1980]
Andrea Cote (Columbia) [1981]
Valzhyna Mort (Belarus) [1981]
Ann Cotton (b. USA/Austria) [1982]
Nora Sossong (Germany) [1982]
Julia Istomina (b. USSR/USA) [1983]


POETRY GROUPS, ORGANIZATIONS, MAGAZINES, PRESSES, CRITICS, TRANSLATORS, ANTHOLOGIES, AND OTHER RELATED POETIC MANIFESTATIONS

Acmeism (Russia)
The Antwerp Pink Poets (Belgium)
Albanian Poetry
    Essay “The Unshackling of Albanian Poetry” by John Taylor
The Atom Poets (Iceland)
The Auden Group (England)
Avec (magazine) (USA)
The Beats (USA)
Beyond Baroque (USA)
Big Deal (magazine) (USA)
The Black Mountain Poets (USA)
Black Sparrow Press (USA)
Blast (magazine)/Vorticism (England)
Blätter für die Kunst (magazine) (Germany)
The Brazilian Modernists (Brazil)
Brazilian Poetry (Brazil)   
Burning Deck (USA)
Caterpiller (magazine) (USA)
Los Cuadernícolas (Colombia) 
Chelsea Review (magazine) (USA)
Circumcontetive Poetry (India and elsewhere, Bengali language) [link]
City Lights Books (USA)
Concrete Poetry (international)
Conjunctions (magazine) (USA)
Los Contemporáneos (The Contemporaries) (Mexico)
Creacionismo (Creationism) (Chile)
Cubism (France and elsewhere)
Dada (France and elsewhere)
The Deep Image Poets (USA)
Devetsil (Nine Powers) (Czechoslavakia)
De Bizige Bij (Netherlands)
Elan Poetry Group (Ecuador)
Eniuadi (Italy)
Expressionism (Germany and elsewhere)
Fata Morgana (France)
The “Fiftiers” (Vijifigers) (Netherlands and Belgium) / see Vijifigers
Flammarion (France)
Fluxus Movement (USA and elsewhere)
The Folio Group (USA)
From the Other Side of the Century: A New American Poetry 1960-1995 (USA)
Fuck You: A Magazine of the Arts (magazine) (USA)
The Fugitives (USA)
Fulcrum Press (England)
Éditions Gallimard (France)
Garip (The Strange) (Turkey)
The Generation of  ‘27 (Spain)
The Generation of ’68 (Poland)
Green Integer  (USA)
Grove Press (USA)
Grupo dos Cinco (Group of Five) (Brazil)
Grupo Viennes (Venezuela)
Haiti Littéraire (The Literary Haiti Group) (Haiti)
The Harlem Movement (USA)
I Novissimi (The New Ones) (Italy)
   Book I Novissimi [PDF file]
Imagism (Imagisme) (USA)
Invisible City (magazine) (USA)
Italian Futurism
Japanese American Concentration Camp Kaiko Haiku (USA)
The Jargon Society (USA)
Katydid Books (USA)
Là-bas (magazine) (USA)
The “Language” Poets (USA)
   Essay “Language Poetries” [with note] by Douglas Messerli
   Essay “The Rhythms of the ‘Language’ Poets” (on Charles Bernstein and Ted Greenwald) by Douglas Messerli
   Essay-review “Wordscape Poets” (on works by Bernstein, Andrews, and Perelman)
       by Douglas Messerli
L=A=N=G=U=A=G=E  (magazine) (USA)
The League of Independent Vietnamese Writers (Vietnam)
Littéraire Movement (Haiti)
Losada (Argentina)
La Mandrágora (The Mandrake Group) (Chile, Venezuela and other South American countries)
Mondadori (Italy)
Mystical Anarchism (Russia)
The Negritude Movement (international)
Der Neue Club (The New Club) (Germany)
New American Poetry  (magazine) (USA)
New Directions (USA)
The New Review of Literature (magazine) (USA)
The New York School (USA)
Oberiu Poets (USSR)
Objectivist Poets (USA and England)
OR  (magazine) (USA)
The Origenes (Cuba)
Origin (magazine and Origin Press) (USA and Japan)
OULIPO-Ouvrior de literature potentielle (France and elsewhere)
The Parnassians (France)
Passa Porta Bookshop (Belgium)
Marjorie Perloff (USA)
Persea Books (USA)
Poet’s House (USA)
Poeticism (Czechoslavakia)
Poetry magazine (USA)
The Poetry Project Newsletter (magazine) (USA)
P.O.L (France)
Powell’s Books (USA)
Profil Group (Norway)
The Project for Innovative Poetry (USA)
Projectivist Poetry (USA and England)
Ribot magazine (USA)
Roof  magazine (USA)
Russian Futurism (Russia/USSR)
Russian Symbolism (Russia/USSR)
St. Mark’s Poetry Project (USA)
The San Francisco Renaissance (USA)
Segue Press (USA)
Seix Barral (Spain)
Semana de Arte Moderna  (Week of Modern Art) (Brazil)
Shakespeare & Co. (France)
The Skrynia Group (The “Chest” Group) (Ukraine)
Southern California Innovative Poets (USA)
Spiraliste Movement (Haiti)
Station Hill Press (USA)
Suhrkamp Verlag (Germany)
Sulfur (magazine)
Sun and Moon: A Journal of Literature & Art (magazine) (USA)
Sun and Moon Press (USA)
Sun and Moon Press Literary Salons (USA)
Surrealism (France and international)
Temblor (magazine) (USA)
Transition (magazine)
University of California Press (USA)
Vietnamese writers (see The League of Independent Vietnamese Writers)
The Vienna Group (Austria) / see Wiener Gruppe
Vijfigers (The “Fiftiers”) (Netherlands)
Villa Aurora (Los Angeles) (USA)
Village Voice Bookshop (France)
Vort (magazine) (USA)
Vorticism (England)
   Review “Phantom of the Arts” (on Timothy Matrerer’s Vortex Pound, Eliot, and Lewis) by Douglas Messerli
   see also Blast magazine/Vorticism
The Watts Poetry Group (USA)
Wesleyan University Press (USA)
Wiener Gruppe (the Vienna Group) (Austria)
The Wivenhoe Review (magazine)
XUL (The XUL Group) (Argentina)
Zephyr Press (USA)
Znak Press (Poland)
    Essay “Two Publishers”
De Zondvloed (Belgium)